Ancient Egyptian Calendar

Ancient Egyptian Calendar:

the primary Calendar is known to humankind
Today marks the Egyptian year 6261, the start of the primary Egyptian and international Calendar in human history.
The Egyptian lunar calendar, the older of the two systems, consisted of twelve months whose duration differed in line with the length of a full lunar cycle (typically 29 or 30 days). Each lunar month began with the new moon—reckoned from the first morning after the waning crescent had become invisible—and was named after the foremost festival celebrated within it. Since the calendar was 10 or 11 days shorter than the solar year, a 13th month (called Thoth) was intercalated every several years to stay the calendar in rough correspondence with the agricultural seasons and their feasts. New Year's Day was signaled by the annual heliacal rising of the star Sothis (Sirius) when it might be observed on the eastern horizon just before dawn in midsummer; the timing of this observation would determine whether or not the intercalary month would use.

The Egyptian Calendar is one of the primary calendars known to humanity.
The ancient Egyptians then discovered the year and divided it into seasons, months, days, and hours as They were able to distinguish between a straightforward year and a leap one, an astronomical miracle.

The Egyptian Calendar contributed to the event of various calendars of ancient civilizations, whether they were solar or lunar. Although thousands of years have passed since the start of the old Egyptian Calendar, which relied on the Nile to arrive at determining the beginning of the year, it's also this Calendar that regulates agriculture in Egypt in modern times.

According to the Egyptian researcher Joseph MamdouhTawfik, the ancient Egyptian Calendar is very accurate and was a miracle of its time. However, it's not exactly in line with this solar Calendar used round the world.

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