How Many Pyramids in Egypt?

The Era of building pyramids

The pyramid's large volume reflects the unique role that the pharaoh, or king, played in ancient Egyptian society. The pyramids were built from the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the close of the Ptolemaic period in the fourth century A.D.
The pyramids' smooth, angled sides symbolized the sun's rays as it was  designed to help the king's soul ascend to heaven and join the gods, particularly the sun god Ra.

How many pyramids in Egypt?

Pyramids are some of the most beautiful human-made structures in history. The Egyptian Pyramids were built during the pharaohs' civilization. The most famous pyramids are the Great pyramids of Giza, but there are many others in Egypt.

 As of November 2008, according to Wikipedia, sources cite either 118 or 138 as the number of identified Egyptian pyramids. Other sources cite they are about eighty pyramids. Most of them were built to be tombs for the country's pharaohs and their consorts during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods. The pharaohs were buried in the pyramids with different shapes and sizes from the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the end of the Middle Kingdom.
The Egyptian pyramids still preserve much of their magnificence, providing a glimpse into the country’s rich and glorious past.

The Main Pyramids

Some of the main pyramids in Egypt are Step Pyramid, Pyramid of Meidum, The Bent Pyramid, The Red Pyramid, Khufu's Pyramid, Khafre's Pyramid, Menkaure's Pyramid, Buried Pyramid, Pyramid of Lahun, Pyramid of Userkaf, Pyramid of Hawara, Pyramid of Teti and Pyramid of Unas.

The Oldest Pyramids

The Step Pyramid is the oldest known pyramid in Egypt was built around 2630 B.C. at Saqqara, for the third dynasty’s King Djoser. It began as a traditional mastaba but grew into something much more ambitious. There are four forms of pyramids in Egypt: mastaba pyramid, stepped pyramid, bent pyramid, and true pyramid.

Giza pyramids

The great pyramids of Giza are three in number. Most of them were built as tombs for the country's pharaohs. They were built over the span of three generations by the rulers Menkaure, Khafre, and Khufu. Pyramids are included in 7 wonders of the world. Pyramids of Giza held the title for the world's tallest Human-made structure over 3871 years.

Starting with:

1- Khufu pyramid
It is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Its build during the rule of Khufu Pharaoh. It constructed over 20 years. and it has the following characteristics:

 Height: 146.5 m(481 ft).


The Great Pyramid was the tallest human-made structure in the world for more than 3,800 years.
 In AD 1301, a massive earthquake loosened many of the outer casing stones of the pyramid.
 Khufu was the second pharaoh of the 4th dynasty. From: 2589 to 2566 BC, He is not a good warrior nor a politician, but history Knows him due to his great pyramid.
 The Greeks believed that slave labor was used. Verner supposed that the labor consisting of two gangs of 100,000 men. The Great Pyramid was surfaced by white "casing stones. “

2-Khafren pyramid :
The middle pyramid at Giza was built for Khufu’s son (Khafre) (2558-2532 B.C).
A unique feature built inside Khafre’s pyramid complex was the Great Sphinx, a guardian statue carved in limestone with the head of a man and the body of a lion. It was the largest statue in the ancient world, measuring 240 feet long and 66 feet high. In the 18th dynasty (c. 1500 B.C.), the Great Sphinx would come to be worshiped itself, as the image of a local form of the god Horus. it has the following

characteristics:

    The pyramid has a base length of 215.5 m (706 Ft) A height of 136.4 meters (448 ft.) Only approximately 10 feet shorter than the Great Pyramid.
    The pyramid is made of limestone blocks weighing more than 2 tons each.
    The bottom course of the cladding is pink granite, but higher sections are clad in limestone.
    It has a slope angle of 53?.10.


3- Menkaure pyramid:

    The southernmost pyramid at Giza was built for Khafre’s son Menkaure (2532-2503 B.C.). It is the shortest of the three pyramids (218 feet) and is a precursor of the smaller pyramids that would be constructed during the fifth and sixth dynasties.


Pyramids Today:
To the Great Pyramids no longer reach their original heights; Khufu’s, for example, measures only 451 feet high. Nonetheless, millions of people continue to visit the pyramids each year, drawn by their towering grandeur and the enduring allure of Egypt’s rich and glorious past.

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