Egypt Tourist

Around Egypt Tours offers a complete guide for the Egypt tourist to Egypt's history and culture and all of the sites you'll see when you plan to visit Egypt. All you've got to learn about the things to do in Egypt and the most famous attractions, cities, and historical places to explore Egypt's history from ancient times to the present.

All What you Need to Know about The Nubian 

The Nubian region lies on the Nile River, 123,000 square kilometers between Aswan in southern Egypt and Khartoum in central northern Sudan. It had been one in all the first civilizations of ancient Africa, which invaded the land around 1500 BC. Nubia was highly famous for being the house of the many powerful kingdoms, most prominent is the kingdom of Kush, which even conquered Egypt within the 8th century BC and formed the 25th dynasty. Within the 4th century AD, the great kingdom of kush came to an end, and then Nubia was divided between Egypt and Sudan,  However, during the 19th century in 1899, the Khedive of Egypt united the whole region.


Nubian in Ancient Egypt

 Both two countries had a profound relationship during peace and war times. They both used similar royal symbols supported rock art. there have been many cultural exchanges and cooperation and even marriage between both. They'd a robust economic relationship through trading in ebony, ivory, leopard skins, and a spread of resins. The Nubia acted as Egypt’s connection to the riches of east and south of Africa like gold, incense, ebony, copper, ivory, and rare animals.


Nubian Temples

 The word Nubia comes from the word “Nub,” which suggests gold for the number of gold mines within the area, rare stones, and the house of a number of the foremost beautiful and majestic monuments in Egypt. The Nubia area is famous for holding two of the outstanding principal temples within the history of ancient Egypt, the Temple of Philae and Abu Simbel temple. UNESCO rescued both the two temples within the mid-60s due to the High High Dam's disastrous consequences.


Nubian Crafts

 The Nubians are known to be a proud, gentle, honest, and enduring people with their own unique culture and customs. Their houses were known of containing a backyard and topped with a dome. Their culture includes different forms of art, stunning drawings, exquisite decorations, and enchanting pottery, handicrafts weaving of baskets and mats from palm fronds and necklaces.


Nubian Customs and Villages

 They have many traditions, dances, and a unique set of customs within their culture, especially when the wedding takes place and a newborn “Sebou” is delivered. All of them marry within the same area thanks to their inclusive nature. Their villages are quite different from anything in Egypt and divided to 2 tribes which are Al-Fadigka: the Arab Al-Orayqat (Originally Bedouin Traders who Migrated from Hijaz), and Al-Konoz, also called Al-Matoka (A mixture of Arab Tribes, the most important Being Al-Gohayna Tribe, from the Arabian Peninsula).


Nubian Museum

The UNESCO built the Nubian Museum in Aswan to bring the Nubian culture back to life because it was constructed supported Nubian architecture and ancient sandstone and holds about 2,000 artifacts; many of them are from ancient Nubian culture and plenty of colorful which exhibits form the Nubian heritage.


Book Your Egypt Vacations Now


With its unique ancient history, historical artifacts, cultural adventures, and countless activities, Egypt is the place you can sense the old, the new, and everything in between. To experience everything Egypt has to offer, you can browse our Egypt travel packages and Nile cruises and seize the chance to witness all the beauty of the ancient Egyptian treasures.

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We as Around Egypt Tours prioritize your well-being, health, and safety. For that reason, we've amended our cancellation policy; also, we've modified our procedures to develop the global health and safety protocols to match the recommendations and the guidelines of the(WTTC), to reflect our interests and values towards our Guests. In terms of hygienic practices, Around Egypt Tours responds to all The WHO guidelines as follows:
– Groups in tours and activities will not consist of more than fifteen people.
– A safe distance of one meter between clients will be maintained whenever possible.
– Masks will be given to our clients on Every tour.
– Free alcohol sanitizer bottles will be provided every day on your tour.
– All our staff will wear a mask and gloves while dealing with our clients.

Our Hotels have been chosen carefully and earned the “Hygiene Safety” certificate, to match the recommendations of the Ministries of tourism and health in Egypt, and WHO protocols.

– The handing out of printed material such as maps or brochures will be avoided.
– The temperature will be monitored daily; anyone who has a fever or displays symptoms will be separated and placed in quarantine.
– All our transportation services will be disinfected before and after each service deep-cleaned every 24 hours.
– Showing your voucher on your phone will be enough, and it is not necessary to print anything.
These measures are applicable starting from August 2020 until further notice.

• Covid-19 Emergency Cancellation Policy

Around Egypt Tours offers a highly flexible cancelation policy, in case of infections, or outbreaks of COVID-19. If that happened, we would be refunding you the amount paid for the booked tour, or in some cases, your payment will be a credit for future travel. You have the flexibility to apply this amount towards new travel services booked within 12 months.
According to the airline's terms and conditions, only flight cancellation/changing fees are charged, and bank surcharge fees are applied to the deposit amount paid.


Can any traveler enter Egypt?

Yes, Egypt is now open for All travelers, but they need to present a negative COVID-19 test taken a maximum of 96 hours prior to their flight departure. The rule does not apply to children younger than 6. Upon arrival in Egypt, travelers must present copies of their test results and proof of their health insurance. Digital copies will not be accepted.

Is quarantine mandatory for travelers entering Egypt?
No, quarantine is not required for travelers entering Egypt.

Is the PCR test mandatory for traveling now?
Yes, the test should not be older than 96 hours before arrival in Egypt. All travelers aged 6 and up must take the test.
Other important information for travelers who want to visit Egypt

Restaurants, cafes, sports clubs, and movie theatres are open and operating at 50 percent capacity. Restaurants and cafes must close by midnight, while other shops, including grocery stores, close by 10:00 pm. Public parks and beaches are closed.
Public transportation and commercial flights are operating.
There are some travel restrictions on intercity travel. Masks are required indoors and on public transportation.


Safe Travels

We as Around Egypt Tours prioritize your well-being, health, and safety. For our partners and us, the safety of travelers is always our top priority. We do our best to meet the global standards to ensure a safe experience and bring confidence back to all travelers.
Whenever you are ready to take your next vacation to Egypt, we are here to support you and to reflect our interests and values towards our travelers. All our tourists will always have the best experience in our country.

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COVID-19 has essentially caused tons of issues in recent times, and therefore the WHO has even labeled it as a global pandemic. You want to save your well-earned money once we finally beat this pandemic successfully. You want to plan for a vacation to forget all of your worries and luxuriate in a lifetime of fullness and satisfaction. To satiate your desires, You will choose among the varied Egypt Travel Packages, which would be your preference and site choices.
You would be ready to experience the Land of the Pharaohs altogether it's glory and luxuriates in its great history and cultural heritage. The subsequent tips will offer you an overview of a number of the packages you will enjoy once this pandemic runs its course. Let us now take a glance at a number of the enticing Egypt Travel Packages that are sure to make your heart flutter and race out with joy.

1. Cairo Day tours

You can enjoy the beauties of the capital of Cairo city, where you will experience and enjoy the rich antiquities and monuments of ancient Egypt. The capital has some beautiful places for sightseeing, including the Giza Plateau, the famous Giza Pyramids, and therefore the Great Sphinx. You will even get to go to the great city of Memphis, the capital of ancient Egypt.
Another place to go to during this package would come with a visit to Saqqara, which contains the very first pyramid that was ever built. It Is called the Pyramid of Djoser and was built during the 27th Century BC. and; also, the newly 100 coffins were uncovered in good condition for the senior statesman and priests from the 26th Dynasty. Once you are through these visits, you will visit the old Cairo and roam the shops to witness some beautiful antiques and other wares.

2. Visit the Pyramids and Egyptian Museum

This package mainly includes visiting the Pyramids, where you would visit the famous Giza Pyramids, Great Pyramids of Cheops, Chefren, and Mykerinus. The visits would also include the Valley Temple alongside the famous Sphinx. Would even be ready to visit the famous Egyptian Museum and Khan-el-Khalili, a famous bazaar located at the historic center of the capital city. This is one of the added benefits of the Egypt Travel Packages that you should never miss out on.

3. Express Tour by Egypt Nile cruise

You would even be ready to enjoy an Express Tour of the town that will cause you to experience this breath-taking beauty country. You would be ready to enjoy the surreal beauty of Kom Ombo, which is an agricultural town in Egypt and an erstwhile Greek settlement. Another beautiful city to go to on this tour would be Edfu, located on the Nile River's western bank between Aswan and Esna. You will visit Edfu and luxuriate in the sweetness of the Ptolemaic Temple of Horus, and therefore the city still houses some of Egypt’s ancient pyramids. You would even be ready to visit the temple of Queen Hatshepsut located at El-Deir- El-Bahari and even the Colossi of Memnon.

4. Take part in King Ramses Sun Festival

This is perhaps the foremost delightful experience to enjoy if you're visiting Egypt. The Abu Simbel or King Ramses Sun Festival is widely known in honor of the famous Pharaoh Rameses II, whose monuments still grace the country. His idea was to mark his land and intimidate any other foreigners who dared venture into his territory. You would be able to witness some of his monuments larger than life in this visit, which includes the statues of Ramses dedicated to Amun, Ptah, and Re-Horakhty, who are considered to be Egyptian Gods? These temples are located at Aswan, and tourists would be ready to visit there and enjoy the festival's beauties as these temples.


As we have seen above, these are some of the Egypt tours packages that you can put in your mind when you want to plan your next vacation to Egypt after the crisis is over. You would be able to plan accordingly and witness the surreal great thing about this country together with your own eyes.

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Things to do in Egypt

Egypt, The birthplace of ancient civilization, is a country you must have visited at least once in your life. Egypt has accomplished a delicate mission of Balance between modern life and ancient life. If you've always wanted to visit this wonderful country, here are some of the most brilliant things to do in Egypt that are going to make you want to book your Egypt vacation Right now.

1- Pyramids of Giza

The last standing landmark of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, these pyramids, which have been constructed by ancient Egyptians as a tomb of their great Pharaohs, is considered the most considerable landmark to be described in Egypt. This whole structure as a building is a testament to this era's scientific advancements and one of the secrets of the mysterious pharaonic civilization.

2- Temples of Luxor

Luxor, the Pharaohs' old capital, is essentially an open-air museum with a rich past spread in every corner of the Area city. The most notable things to do in Egypt are the Temples of Karnak, and the Memorial at the Temple of Hatshepsut, the Valley of the Kings, and more! All will totally blast your mind.

3-Cairo city

Explore things to do in Egypt by visiting the ancient Islamic Cairo and explore Al-Azhar Mosque, the dazzling Sultan Hassan Mosque, among many other Mosques and minarets from the Fatimid period to the Mameluke era. Try climbing up to the roof of Bab Zuweila, shop at the famous souk of Khan el-Khalil, and soak up the spirit of the ancient city in its countless labyrinths of history.


Alexandria is established by Alexander the Great; this seaside town was the residence of Cleopatra. There are some remnants of the rich history, the buildings' architecture, the grand squares, the parks, the citadel, etc. It's a quiet town where you can chill after a long day or take a lazy walk along the corniche Seashore, enjoy Egyptian food in the cafes, or shop until you're gone.


Among things to do in Egypt, Aswan city is a reminder of Egypt's rich history and culture, an ancient town on the Nile River's south end. You can visit Abu Simble temple, Nubia's settlements, the Tombs of the Nobles, Aswan Botanical Gardens, Elephantine Island, unfinished obelisk, or take a camel journey to the St. Simeon Desert Monastery. check our Nile cruises packages and visit more!


6-Nile cruise

Relax and admire the sights, sounds, and beauty after a hectic drive in Egypt, history, and essence on the Nile River cruise. There are several choices, ranging from 4 days sailing cruise or five days or more. These Nile cruises begin with Luxor and Aswan.

7-Mount Sinai

Mount Sinai A beautiful place to explore Egypt's natural beauty. You should walk the mountain and see a magnificent sunrise or dip In the Red Sea's calming waters.

8-Siwa Oasis

Designed around the remains of an old citadel of mud-brick, sturdy landscape, and hot springs. Don't forget to visit Shali, the ancient town, and the Temple of the Oracle, where Alexander the Great was named Egypt's ruler. Also, take a 4x4 into the desert to see the Great Sand Sea and enjoy the Bedouin style life and the Roman Spring eye. Finally, you have to taste the newly planted dates and olives.

9- The white desert

The White Desert is a wonder of nature and for all nature enthusiasts and international experience. Natural snow-white rock formations are utterly surreal in the middle of the desert. It looks like a sci-fi movie set made by design out of the Cray during sand storms.

Several things to do in Egypt. The past, the history, the food, and nature all of these making it one of the world's most beautiful countries with limitless abundance. Egypt is home to several UNESCO World Heritage sites, which can never be forgotten.

Experience more things to do in Egypt, you can browse our Egypt travel packages and Nile cruises and seize the chance to witness all the beauty of the ancient Egyptian treasures.

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The Grand Egyptian Museum


It is considered to be one of the greatest touristic and archaeological projects in 2021 currently in progress by the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism which is anticipated to open at a time that will be convenient for everyone, as world heads of state, kings, princes and international dignitaries will be invited to attend this global event as they will come to see the civilization of Egypt's new icon that is anticipated to be one of the most essential elements in all Egypt travel packages.



Here are 6 things you cannot miss about this huge Egyptian project.


  • It is considered to be the greatest museum in the world that presents the ancient Egypt civilization and the pharaonic antiquities as it targets 5 million visitor every year.
  • It was established on an area of 117 acres in Giza at a cost of more than one billion dollars.
  • It houses thousands of artifacts from ancient Egypt.
  • It will display more than 5,000 artifacts from the tomb of King Tutankhamun for the first time in the world.
  • It houses the world's first hanging obelisk.
  • It supports the preservation of Egyptian cultural heritage and the promotion of the Egyptian tourism sector.


And this project is considered one of the greatest Cairo historical sites, touristic and archaeological projects for which the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism is making a huge promotional plan that coincides with its opening date for all the world to witness the civilization of ancient Egypt which required coordination with several stakeholders to be built with that greatness.


Because the museum is located in front of the pyramids of Giza, the facade is designed in the form of triangles that are divided into smaller triangles in a symbolic framework for the pyramids, according to a Polish scientist's mathematical theory that talks about the infinite division of the shape of the triangle.

Its buildings are located on an area of 100,000 square meters, including 45,000 square meters for museum display, and the remaining space includes a library specialized in Egyptology, a conference center, a research center, restoration laboratories, a 3D cinema, and places dedicated to serving visitors such as restaurants, and shops selling reproductions gifts, and parking.


It is noteworthy that the Secretary-General of the World Tourism Organization, Zurab Pololikashvili, was keen to visit the Grand Egyptian Museum, although it had not yet been officially opened or the construction work had been completed, expressing his great admiration for it, so he posted pictures of him inside the museum on his personal account via social networking sites and wrote a comment On the photos, "Egypt really has a lot to make me want to come back to it again to attend the opening of this great edifice".

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Ancient Egypt Gods


Ancient Egypt experienced lots of Egyptian deities that ancient Egyptians considered as gods and goddesses. Until their number reached more than 1500, according to many historical sources, and the most famous ancient Egypt gods back then were Amon, Horus, and Osiris, and they kept being worshiped until the advent of Christ, after then Egypt was turned to Christianity.




It is the lord of all ancient Egypt gods and their leader. Ancient Egyptians consider it to be the creator of the world and its name meaning is "the invisible". Its head is the head of a ram and appears as a bearded man wearing a hat with two long feathers, sometimes sitting on the throne, sometimes taking the form of a god, and sometimes the shape of a ram with curved horns.

Worshiping Amon first appeared in the territory of Thebes, and is considered to be one of the members of the Ashmunin Thamun, then it became the official idol of the modern empire, it was called the “King of the Gods” and merged with other great gods, becoming “Amun-Ra”, “Amon-Min”, and “Amon-Khnum”.



It is considered to be the god of fertility, agriculture, god the dead, the underworld and the flood, and Abydos was the center of worshiping Osiris and it was depicted in the shape of a beard, colored either in green or black, wearing the crown of Upper Egypt, and embalmed like a mummy.

It is the most known god and it owes his fame to being worshiped for nearly two thousand years and based on that fame, his temples were erected along the shores of the sea and it continued until the advent of Christianity.



The literal meaning of the word Isis is "the seat or throne". It was depicted as a woman breastfeeding her child, the mother goddess of Horus. When it wears the celestial disc and cow horns, it becomes the goddess "Hathor", it was also depicted in the form of a woman with the throne chair on her head, so it was called the goddess of the royal throne.

Sister and wife of the god "Osiris", and the mother of the god "Horus", who protected him from many dangers. it played an important role as a charming goddess, always representing a woman bearing the sign of the "throne" on her head, and sometimes wearing a crown consisting of two horns and the sun disk between them, and took different forms of ancient Egypt gods. Worship spread in Europe since the Greco-Roman period.



The god Hor or Horus, the son of the god Osiris and the goddess Aizah or Isis, the wife of the god Osiris, was depicted in the form of a falcon or a human with a falcon head. The Egyptian people believed that the eyes of Horus were the sun (right) and the moon (left).

An ancient deity of the sky, and since the beginning of historical times, Horus has been a symbol of the king, living or dead.



Apis was the most important deity among the sacred calves in the land of the Nile, and he was a god of fertility, and the center of his worship was in the city of Memphis since the early dynastic era, and became associated with Ptah, the god of that city, then became the great spirit "Ptah" that appeared on earth in the form of a calf and with the death of Apis turned into The god Osiris and was called Osiris - Apis.

The calf "Apis" had distinctive marks on its skin and was represented by placing the sun disk between its horns.



The local deity of the city of Memphis currently in Cairo was always represented in a human form and wrapped like a mummy with a shaven head, and at first he was nothing but a master of craftsmen and industry, and then attributed to him the creation of arts, and held in his hands symbols of rule, strength and life, which is a scepter made of a grandfather column and a scepter.



The goddess of the sky and the patroness of women, love and music, the daughter of Ra and the wife of Horus, and sometimes called the mother of Horus, where the name of this goddess means the dwelling of Horus, and her sacred animal is the cow and her sacred symbol is the musical instrument sistrum.

Hathor is considered the protector of women and the goddess of fun, love, music, dance and songs, and she feeds the living with her milk, so we see the pharaoh suckling from the breast of the cow.

Its name means "House of Horus", and it is the "Ain of Ra" that destroyed his enemies, in addition to that she was worshiped as the goddess of the dead in Thebes in particular. She is often represented in the form of a woman carrying a crown consisting of two horns between the sun disk or a cow, and sometimes we see her as a lioness, a snake or a tree. , but he was saved from it, and he had a special worship in popular circles in the late era.



The god Ra is the sun and the giver of life, and his center of worship was Heliopolis. it became the god of heaven and the father of Pharaoh and united with many ancient Egypt gods such as (Amun - Khnum - Mentu - Sobek) and called (Amun - Ra, Hanum - Ra, Mento - Ra, Sobek - Ra).



Or “Enhart” and its name means “the one who brings the distant”. The Egyptians portrayed him in the form of a man with a crown of 4 feathers on his head. The city of Thana was his original home, and it was merged with the god “Shu” under the name “Anuris-Shu” and then took great fame.



Its name means perfect or complete. The Egyptians believed that he created himself from himself at the top of the eternal hill, and therefore he is the creator of the world. He was created from himself and by himself “Shou and Tefnut”, and on this basis he is at the top of the list of the Heliopolis ninth, he merged with the god “Ra” and was known as "Atom Ra".



The “sun disk”, which was not worshiped before the modern state, rose during the reign of King “Akhenaten” to be the only god.

Like “Aten” at first the head of a falcon, then as a sun disk with rays ending in a human hand that often holds the sign of life.

Among his nicknames, the heat emanating from the sun’s disk, the Lord of the two horizons, who shines in his horizon in his name, as the father of “Ra” who returned to us as “Aten”.



The engineer of King “Djoser” for whom he built his architectural group, as he was the first to use stone in a complete building, and his genius extended to medicine as well. In the 26th dynasty, the Egyptians began to worship him and named him Ibn “Ptah”, and after that the Greeks alone with “Asclepius” their god of medicine.

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Khufu was one of the most famous Pharaohs of ancient Egypt of the Fourth Dynasty of the Old Kingdom. He is particularly well-known for the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza, which is now considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

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The history of the establishment of Cairo International Airport as a civil airport dates back to the establishment of the Egyptian Civil Aviation Authority in 1945 AD, which moved to it after the end of the Second World War - all Egyptian airports and aviation facilities that were under British administration to the Egyptian side, including the military base “Paine Field” which was Under British administration to serve allied forces in World War II.


  • The new Civil Aviation Authority began preparing an international civil airport on the land of Pine Field base to accommodate the largest number of traffic, so the travel and arrival halls were expanded to accommodate the movement of passengers coming and leaving the Egyptian territory.


  • In 1946, the name of the airport was changed from “Paine Field” Airport to Farouk I Airport, and the number of passengers traveling through the airport this year reached nearly 200,000.


  • After the July Revolution, the name of the airport was changed from “Farouk I Airport” to “Cairo Airport.”


  • In 1955, some studies were conducted to build a new passenger building instead of the old one, in order to keep pace with the increasing traffic, and the site of the new building was chosen between the two main runways, and construction work began in 1957.


  • On March 18, 1963, the airport was opened experimentally - while Cairo Airport was officially opened on May 18, 1963, in the presence of the late President Gamal Abdel Nasser.


  • The capacity of Cairo Airport at that time reached 5 million passengers annually.


  • The expansions continued until the total capacity of Cairo International Airport reached at the present time to more than 30 million passengers annually after the construction and operation of the new Terminal 2 with a capacity of 7 and a half million passengers annually.


  • Cairo Airport has three runways capable of accommodating the largest models. The number of passenger terminals for travel and arrival is three main buildings: the old Terminal 1, Terminal 2 (the newest buildings) and Terminal 3 dedicated to EgyptAir and Star Alliance flights, in addition to a terminal Seasonal Hajj and Umrah flights and Terminal 4 designated for private aviation.


  • Cairo Airport is served by two control towers equipped with the latest air navigation equipment and systems.


  • Cairo Airport is one of the largest airports in the African continent in terms of area, capacity, and volume of travel traffic. Cairo Airport is also a hub for air traffic between East and West and serves many international airlines, especially in transit passenger traffic.


  • Cairo Airport is considered the gateway to the African continent in air traffic, and the development and expansion of Cairo International Airport continues, through the implementation of many projects in order to maintain its leading position among the world’s airports, especially within the African continent, where Cairo International Airport entered the world of airport cities. By exploiting the lands surrounding the airport and offering them to investors to implement large investment projects related to the field of aviation and airports, providing thousands of job opportunities and making it an attractive factor for many airlines.


  • The state has recently been keen to implement several projects of roads, axes and power stations as infrastructure projects aimed at increasing the investment value of the lands surrounding Cairo International Airport when they are presented to investors.


  • Cairo Airport has received many awards and certificates, most notably the best airport in Africa in 2006 and the first airport on the African continent in air cargo in 2019, the latest of which is the health accreditation certificate for safe travel from the Airports Council International (ACI) in light of the Corona pandemic.


  • Cairo International Airport has a vital role in promoting the ancient Egyptian civilization with the inauguration of the Cairo Airport Museum, which has been dedicated to displaying a group of Pharaonic artifacts in front of travelers from different countries, especially transit passengers, with the aim of introducing and promoting the ancient Egyptian civilization in a way that contributes to revitalizing tourism and attracting more visitors to Egypt. Egypt.


  • Cairo Airport has been and still is a witness to various national events and activities, as it is Egypt's first gateway to receive and bid farewell to its guests coming to it in various international events and forums held on the land of Egypt, such as conferences, sports championships, and other national events.

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He raised many conflicting theories about him, some scholars reject the common history of him, and others claim that his age dates back to 10 thousand years BC, and that his face was re-carved in the dynastic era.


-The Sphinx

The statue of the "Sphinx" crouching in front of the pyramids of Giza in Egypt still raises questions and confusion and does not cease to provoke scientists to search behind it and clarify its secrets, in light of the emergence of many theories that say that the approved information about the age of the Sphinx and who built it is inaccurate.


-What is a Sphinx

Here are some sphinx information and sphinx Egypt facts,

  • The “Sphinx” represents the shape of a creature with the body of an animal ( a lion ) and the head of an Egyptian king sitting on the Giza plateau, looking east in the direction of Sinai.
  • The statue had a 1-meter-long nose, but it was destroyed, there are rumors that the nose was destroyed by the artillery of Napoleon's soldiers, and other rumors accuse the British or the Mamluks of destroying it.
  • There are catacombs located in and around the body of the “Sphinx.” One of the most important of these catacombs is located approximately in the middle of the statue’s back, on the opening of the upper basement. It is a “metal door” that can be opened and locked, and it is not known precisely where this basement leads.
  • There is also a crypt at the front of the statue between the painting of Thutmose called the “Dream Panel,” and its chest, The capacity of its opening is about 5 square feet, and it is covered with an “iron cover,” 6 feet deep.
  • There was a royal chin and a live "cobra" on top of the head of the "Sphinx", and it was lost, and part of the chin is currently preserved in the Egyptian Museum, and another part is in the British Museum.


-Egyptian King Khafre (2558-2532 BC)

What is rumored about the Sphinx is that it was built in the dynastic era, specifically during the reign of the Egyptian King Khafre, the builder of the second pyramid in Giza, who ruled until 2532 BC.


-The largest single stone statue in the world

It was carved from a single giant limestone boulder, and it is believed that it was covered with a layer of colored plaster when it was built, with a height of about 20 meters from the ground to the top of the head, which makes it the largest statue in the world made of a single stone.

Due to the age of the statue, it has been covered through the ages with sand that used to hide most of its body in many cases, which necessitated the removal of that sand from him several times, the most famous of which is recorded on the “dream plate” placed between his front feet, which reveals that King Thutmose IV removed the sand from him After ascending the throne of Egypt in 1401 BC.


-4500 years old sphinx

Accordingly, the age of the statue, according to the majority of Egyptologists, is no more than 4,500 years, but there is another opinion of a limited number of archaeologists and geologists, who sees that the age of the Sphinx may be much older, and they also refuse to say that Khafre is the builder the statue.

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Cairo is one of the most important cities in Egypt. It is the capital of Egypt and is inhabited by more than 20 million people. The city of Cairo is famous for many historical names that were given to it. One of the most important names that was given to Cairo is the city of a thousand minarets, due to the large number of mosques that were built throughout Cairo, and the most important of these mosques Is the mosque of Amr ibn al-Aas. It was founded by Al-Muezz Lidin Allah Al-Fatemi to be his capital, and it was called Cairo of Al-Muezz.


More information about Cairo, Egypt

Cairo today is one of the largest and most populous Arab cities and is the administrative city in Egypt. Cairo has become an important tourist destination when visiting Egypt because it contains many tourist places, ancient archaeological monuments and important cultural landmarks that express different cultures all over the world.

The city of Cairo is famous for its popular atmosphere mixed with the fragrance of history and the smell of heritage spread in all its alleys and streets and its nightlife filled with a lot of fun and entertainment in cafes that attract visitors to watch the Nile River in the evening.


Weather in Cairo

The weather in Cairo is characterized by moderation most days of the year, which makes visitors turn to Cairo. The temperature in Cairo ranges between 22 and 34 degrees Celsius, which makes the weather suitable for various recreational activities.

It can be considered that there are two seasons during the year, a hot summer from May to October, and a mild winter from November to April. The climate of Cairo Governorate is also characterized by being very dry, and rain falls in low intensity during the winter, and humidity levels rise during the summer, which makes Cairo’s weather receptive and beautiful.

The winter and spring seasons, i.e., from September to March, are the best time to visit Cairo as the temperature in Cairo is at its lowest and the tourist can enjoy a lot of outdoor recreational activities.


Cairo International Airport

The official airport in Egypt is Cairo International Airport, which is one of the most important and largest airports in Africa, and it is possible to travel through Cairo Governorate Airport to other Egyptian cities such as Sharm El Sheikh, Aswan, and other Egyptian cities.


Attraction places in Cairo

Cairo contains many distinct and unique tourist places mixed with historical and modernity that attract tourism in Cairo, such as the Cairo Tower, the International Garden, Al-Azhar Mosque, and other tourist places in Cairo.


The best hotels in Cairo

There are many 5-star Cairo hotels and 4-star Cairo distinguished hotels that provide various high-end and luxurious hotel services and many Cairo hotel apartments.

One of the best hotels in Cairo is the Conrad Cairo Hotel, a 5-star Cairo hotel, which is characterized by its luxury and its strategic location in the heart of Cairo and its charming and picturesque view of the Nile River, and the Grand Hyatt Hotel on the Nile, one of Cairo's distinguished hotels, with its charming and picturesque view of the Nile.

One of Cairo's distinct 5-star hotels is the Safir Hotel Cairo, and one of the best hotels in Cairo that attracts visitors is the Sheraton Cairo Hotel, and do not miss your stay at the Fairmont Cairo Hotel, which is located next to the Nile River and features a charming view of the Nile River and the Egyptian pyramids.

As for the 4-star hotels in Cairo, dear visitor, you will find the Nabila Cairo Hotel, the Pyramisa Cairo Hotel and other Cairo hotels that provide various services to all visitors residing in Cairo.

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From diving deep into the crystal clear waters of the Red Sea and star gazing amidst the vastness of the desert to floating down the Nile River and gawking at the ruins of one of the world's oldest civilizations.  When it comes to travel experiences around the world, Egypt is a unique destination that leaves visitors spoiled for choice.

With a lot to see, the struggle for many visitors is just where to start;  As always, I'm happy to help you!  Here is my selection of the four best places to visit in Egypt.

Abu Simbel temples

Perhaps the most impressive temple in all of ancient Egypt with its gigantic rock-cut facade, the great Sun Temple of King Ramses II at Abu Simbel was created in honor of the mighty King Ramses II.  Guarding the entrance to the temple and carved into the side of a mountain are four colossal statues of the pharaoh himself.  In a rush of architectural precision and selfishness, Ramses II had the entire temple carefully angled and oriented so that the sun's rays would line up twice a year on the date of his accession to the throne (February 21) and his birthday ( October 21) and illuminate the internal sanctuary of the temple.  This incredible natural phenomenon offers a spectacular spectacle known as the King Ramses II Sun Festival.

Alexandria and El Alamein

Founded by the legendary Alexander the Great, it is a charming city located on the northern coast of Egypt, bathed by the beautiful Mediterranean Sea.  The fact that Alexandria was once home to the Pharos, a lighthouse (albeit collapsed) that was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, is a huge draw for travelers.  You may not be able to witness this epic structure today, but the city is still steeped in its importance, and a visit to the National Museum of Alexandria is sure to help you learn about Alexandria's cultural heritage and intriguing past.  Traveling from Alexandria to Cairo, you can also stop at the site of some of the most brutal battles of the second world war, El Alamein.  It has become a unique pilgrimage site for people who wish to pay their respects to those lost during the fight.  The rows of graves in the various war cemeteries are a permanent reminder of the tragic loss suffered by every country involved.  However, El Alamein is not just a sad relic of the past; it is the perfect place to appreciate life and its moments of pleasure.


One of the fascinating cities and starting point for most tours in Egypt is Cairo.  You can get a glimpse of Cairo's lesser-known and more intriguing suburbs on the Backstreets of Cairo tour, which is exclusive to On The Go at the start of most group tours in Egypt.  Also, be sure to grab a bargain in the lively Khan el Khalili bazaar and enjoy a high tea at one of the nearby cafes, which is ideal for people-watching.  Another highlight is the magnificent Saladin Islamic Citadel and the Sultan Hassan Mosque, which is beautifully illuminated at night.

When the long-awaited Grand Egyptian Museum finally opens its doors later in 2022, you can add it to the long list of reasons to visit Cairo.

Pyramids of Giza

Eternally one of Egypt's top attractions, no visitor should leave without visiting the Great Pyramids and the Sphinx of Giza.  They are the only seven wonders of the world left from the ancient world and are more than 4,600 years old.  They're an imposing sight, and the whole complex is still shrouded in mystery.

If time is an issue, it is possible to see the main parts of the pyramid site in about 2 hours, but spend a full day in this area if your schedule allows.


So that's it!  This is my guide to the best places to visit in Egypt.  There are so many great places to visit in Egypt, and this guide is just to get you started planning your Egypt vacation.

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Ancient Egypt is referred one of the most evocative periods in history that schoolchildren learn.

But even now, thousands of years later, we are still learning new things about how people lived. Although the land of pharaohs, mummies and majestic cats is widely known and recognized, there are many interesting facts about Egypt that many people are unaware of. Here is a laydown of the top ten facts about ancient Egypt:

The ancient Egyptians loved board games.

After a long day of work along the Nile River, Egyptians often relaxed by playing board games. Numerous different games have been played, including "Mehen" and "Dogs and Jackals," but perhaps the most popular was a gambling game known as "Senet ."This hobby dates back to 3500 BC., and it was played on a long painted board with 30 squares. Each player had a series of pieces that moved on the board based on the roll of the dice or the throw of sticks. Historians still argue over Senet's exact rules, but there is no doubt about the game's popularity.

The pyramids were not built by slaves.

The life of a pyramid builder was certainly not easy: workers' skeletons often show signs of arthritis and other ailments, but evidence suggests that communal graves were not built by slaves but by wage earners. These former construction workers were a mix of skilled craftsmen and temporary hands, and some appeared to be proud of their craft. Graffiti found near the monuments suggests that they often gave their crews humorous names such as "Drunk of Menkaure" or "Friends of Khufu ."The idea of slaves building pyramids with the crack of a whip was first evoked by the Greek historian Herodotus in the 5th century BC. However, most historians now dismiss it as a myth. Although the ancient Egyptians were certainly not averse to owning slaves, it appears that they used them primarily as laborers and servants.

Cleopatra was not Egyptian.

Another interesting fact about Egypt is that Cleopatra, one of the most famous figures of ancient Egypt, is actually Greek, not Egyptian. Although she was born in Alexandria, she had no Egyptian blood and was instead a descendant of the Ptolemaic dynasty, which was a line of Greek Macedonians. The Ptolemaic dynasty ruled ancient Egypt from 323 to 30 BC. The name Cleopatra is actually Greek for "Famous in her father" or "The fame of her father."

Makeup And Ancient Egyptians

The ancient Egyptians believed that makeup had healing powers that protected them from the sun, and therefore makeup was worn by both men and women. The black eye paint we know so well from ancient Egyptian depictions was made of red, and they also used green makeup made of copper.

The Egyptians saw animals as embodiments of the gods!

Falcons, lions, baboons, and dogs were extremely popular animals among the ancient Egyptians. The animals were mummified and buried with their owners after their death;

accompany and watch over the dead.

Many of the gods were represented in therianthropic forms;  part human, part animal. In some cases, they were completely animal.

Egyptian women had a wide range of freedom and rights.

Although they may have been publicly and socially viewed as inferior to men, Egyptian women enjoyed great legal as well as financial independence. They could buy and sell belongings, serve on juries, make wills, as well as even enter into legal contracts. Egyptian women did not normally work outside the home, but they did, and they usually received the same pay for doing the same jobs as men.

Compared to the women of ancient Greece, who were actually the property of their husbands, Egyptian women also had the right to divorce and remarry. Egyptian couples were even known to negotiate an ancient prenuptial agreement. These contracts listed all the property and wealth the woman had brought into the marriage and guaranteed that she would be compensated in the event of a divorce.

A new capital

Cairo has been Egypt's capital for more than 1,000 years, but the government is building a new capital of about 45 kilometers (28 miles) to the east to ease Cairo's congestion. The plans call for the yet-to-be-named city to be home to major government departments and ministries, as well as foreign embassies.

The 356 days calendar

The calendar of 365 days divided into 12 months was invented in Egypt.

Egyptian gods

The ancient Egyptians believed greatly in more than 2,000 gods! They had gods for everything from chores to danger! They all had different responsibilities and had to be worshiped so that life could be kept in balance.

One of the largest dams in the world is located in Egypt

Egypt is home to one of the largest dams in the world. The Aswan Dam is referred to as the largest embankment dam in the entire world, stretching across the Nile, separating Egypt from Sudan and creating Lake Nassar. Lake Nassar is one of the largest bodies of water in the world.

Many of the things that people cherish in their lives today were invented by the ancient Egyptians, including paper and pens, keys and locks, and even toothpaste.

Well, here are some fun facts about Egypt that a lot of people probably didn't know about.

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Egypt is a destination full of wonders.  With coastlines on the Mediterranean Sea, the Nile River, and the Red Sea, Egypt's beaches offer a wide range of activities and scenery for you to enjoy.  Find the best beaches in Egypt and get ready to have the time of your life doing amazing things like swimming, snorkeling, or just enjoying a great meal in front of the sea.

Since there are so many to discover, here is a list of the best beaches in Egypt:

Ras Um Sid, Sharm El Sheikh

Ras Um Sid, the most beautiful beach in Sharm El Sheikh, is an attractive beach full of many things to do.  This popular vacation spot, with spectacular views of the Red Sea, is also very popular with divers who want to discover the abundance of underwater life.

Compared to other busier beaches in the city, the location, at the very top of a peninsula, means the area is a bit more relaxed and laid back.  There are many nearby accommodations popular with families, close to the old souk, and a glimpse into the customs and heritage of the local people.

The beach on its own is a place where divers visiting Egypt can't help but be mesmerized by the elegance of the coral's colors.  In impressive shapes, unusual fish flit and hide, which can also be easily seen while snorkeling and is a perfect way for children to get to know the ocean.

Agiba Beach, Marsa Matruh

For foreign travelers, this popular Egyptian beach may not be as popular.  In the Arabic context, on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt, 24 kilometers west of Mersa Matruh, Agiba is a small but quite dazzling jewel, meaning "miracle."

The only possible way to get to the curved part of the beach is along a rocky path that leads from the top of the cliff.  When you are on the beach, when the sun shines on the surface, it is impossible not to be fascinated by the transparent color of the water.  This is a popular spot, though, and things get very busy here in the height of summer with people enjoying days outdoors, but it's pretty empty the rest of the year.

The surrounding sea is quite rocky, as well as the waves that break into the wide ocean are very solid but also offer great surfing opportunities a bit further away from the rocks.

Fjord Bay, Taba

Located about 15 kilometers from the small Egyptian town of Taba, near the border with neighboring Eilat in Israel, it is a perfect corner of paradise.  Fjord Bay is the perfect place to dive, whether you have hundreds of hours of diving experience under your belt or are looking to try it for the first time.

The reason why this place is an amazing place to dive is because of the huge bed of coral that is found at the bottom of the fjord.  With an impressive depth of 24 meters, it is hard to believe the sheer number of fish and diversity of marine life that lives on the reef.

It is good to know that a healthy coral reef is a sign of clean water and good ecological balance.  The fjord itself is a deep blue bay that is protected on three sides by a mountain range, ideal for hiking and enjoying panoramic views of the fjord.

El Gouna

El Gouna, which means "lagoon" in Arabic, is a chic and elegant beach in the north of the Red Sea on the east coast of Egypt.  A bustling tourist town, El Gouna has long attracted wealthy Egyptian and European high-society tourists with its luxury shops, diverse food scene, and, of course, a very attractive beach.

It is the type of place where lots of families and couples like to come and relax and enjoy a few days in a 5-star resort;  there are also many activities to do in the area.  El Gouna is famous in Egypt for its water sports: stronger winds mean good conditions for kitesurfing, water skiing, and paragliding, to name a few.

The picturesque natural seascape is intertwined with a network of canals and lagoons, with sand islands located in between.  Staying in El Gouna means spending days relaxing on the white sand beaches or playing on the area's famous golf course and nights drinking in the cocktail bars.

Are you ready for your next beach vacation?  With all these fun activities to do, finding the best beaches in Egypt will surely make your vacation exciting.  Whether you venture to Ras Um Sid, Sharm El Sheikh, or Fjord Bay, Taba, you'll have plenty of fun at these world-class Egyptian beaches.

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Egypt has attracted people's interest for thousands of years, and visitors have gone to great lengths to travel there, even in ancient times, just to see its magnificent sights. Egypt is not only rich in history and amazing sights and monuments, but it has beautiful beaches and is a paradise for those who want to enjoy water sports in a unique place. Egypt has been described by many visitors as the European version of the Caribbean.

It also has hotels and resorts that are so beautiful they look like mini palaces, and the rates are surprisingly affordable. Here are seven of the best luxury hotels in Egypt.

Old Cataract Hotel, Aswan

The Old Cataract Hotel's guestbook is one of the most impressive in Egypt and lists a real draw of the great and good of the 20th century, including Tsar Nicholas II, Winston Churchill and Henry Kissinger, most famously Agatha Christie.

Parts of her novel Death on the Nile were set in a luxury hotel, which has now been completely renovated.

Christie would be hard-pressed to recognize the hotel today (the pools and spa might surprise her), but the vibe remains timelessly elegant, with discreet service and friendly reception.

Don't miss the chance to sup at the Terrace restaurant or have a good afternoon tea at the Palms, savoring Mediterranean dishes while the felucca sails down the Nile.

Four Seasons Nile plaza

In one of Cairo's grandest districts, facing the Nile and popular with bright Egyptians, this spacious hotel offers plenty of dining options, a resort-style respite from the city center, and attentive service from the attentive and committed staff.

The Nile Ritz Carlton

Situated in the heart of downtown, between the Nile and iconic Tahrir Square, experience Cairo like never before at The Nile Ritz-Carlton.  Discover elegant spaces and enjoy exclusive views of the Nile River and the Egyptian Museum from the rooms and suites.  The luxurious rooms offer a private oasis where marble bathrooms and a spacious living room encourage guests to relax and unwind.

The hotel's spacious suites are designed to allow guests to relax, entertain and feel completely comfortable in a superior environment.

Marriott Mena House, Cairo

Do you want to look at the pyramids?  They are practically on the grounds of the Marriott Mena House hotel in Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo.  Many of the rooms have views from the balcony;  they are worth paying extra for, so you can open wide the curtains in the morning for that amazing view or enjoy them with the spotlights at night.  There are also beautiful views from the landscaped gardens, pool, and some of the hotel's many restaurants.  Expect a good selection of cuisine, be it Egyptian, Indian, Italian, or snacks at the pool bar.

Kempeniski Hotel Soma Bay

Kempeniski Hotel Soma Bay is a stunning resort destination on the Egyptian shores of the Red Sea, an idyllic leisure retreat blessed with a picturesque landscape of pools, waterfalls and lagoons flowing into a pristine 400-meter sandy beach.

Inspired by the mystique and nobility of ancient Arabian fortresses, the ultimate luxury hotel features 325 elegantly furnished rooms and suites.

Rixos Sharm el sheikh

Rixos Sharm el-Sheikh is a luxury resort on Nabq Bay, where the desert meets the crystal clear waters of the Red Sea.  With stunning sights of the Gulf of Aqaba and Tiran Island, the resort sprawls over palm-fringed golden sands beyond its lush gardens.  Rixos Sharm el Sheikh presents 660 luxurious and elegantly furnished rooms, conference facilities, one main restaurant, seven swimming pools, seven a la carte restaurants, six bars and spa and wellness facilities.  This is an ultra-all-inclusive resort.  The resort is situated 8 km from Sharm El Sheikh International Airport.

Premiere le reve Sahl hasheesh

This 5-star all-inclusive resort on Sahl Hasheesh Bay features freshwater and saltwater pools, including an elevated glass-domed pool.  It presents a private beach, a wellness center, a spa, and 5 restaurants.

All of the spacious rooms at Hotel Le Reve feature luxurious fabrics and a pillow menu.

Each has a very furnished balcony with views of the sea or the hotel gardens.  Satellite TV and minibar are also available.


Suppose you are looking for a place to relax and plan to explore must-see destinations; choose one of these best luxury hotels in Egypt. With stunning views, rich historical culture, and impressive heritage, Egypt guarantees an unforgettable trip. Therefore, pack your bags now and get ready to see the wonders of Egypt.

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Egypt is a fascinating country in Northern Africa that extends into Asia, as it has the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is home to pyramids, the mighty Nile, the most beautiful beaches, and the most precious temples and tombs. which are very popular with tourists?

The country is one of the most famous tourist destinations in the world and Tourism is one of Its important income resources so you can be sure that while you are there you will meet helpful, welcoming locals who are skilled at helping tourists.

Egypt's reputation as a travel location has taken some hits with travelers and travel professionals in recent years, leading some people to ask: Is it safe to travel to Egypt?

So Is Egypt Actually A Safe Country?

Egypt is a completely safe place to visit if you keep your wits about yourself and adhere to local cultural customs. Crime rates in Egypt are very low but beware of scammers and pickpockets, which can be common in every country.

However, assessing the probability of danger when visiting tourist attractions is advisable. avoid getting caught in large crowds without a local guide or consider a small-group tour.

Here are some tips to make your Egypt vacation safe and memorable:

1- Go With Someone Who Knows Egypt

You only get to visit Egypt probably once in your life – you owe it to yourself to see it with someone who understands it, speaks English well enough to explain it to you, and loves it as much as you do.

2- Make Scheduled Visits To The Main Attractions

One of the reasons Ghattas recommends visiting Egypt with a reputable tour operator is that entry to top attractions like the pyramids, Luxor and Abu Simbel can be done before you reach your destination.

Sometimes it can be confusing to understand if a standard entrance to the pyramids also includes an entrance to the steps inside the pyramids (note: this is not the case).

By purchasing in advance or joining a tour, you know what you'll see before you arrive at your destination. Check our Egypt Vacation packages and get a well-planned and unforgettable trip.


In general, Egypt is full of many wonderful monuments and places just waiting to be explored. You just have to invest some time to get a chance to see more of what it has to offer.

Egypt isn't just for the Egyptians. It is for humanity. If you also follow these simple tips, your trip to Egypt will be the trip of a lifetime.


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Giza Pyramids

Giza Pyramids are considered one of the wonders of the world. But why Egypt pyramids were built? And How pyramids were built? In this article, we will briefly explain some points related to these questions.

What are The Egypt Pyramids?

The Egyptian pyramids are ancient pyramid-shaped masonry structures located in Egypt. You may ask yourself why these pyramids were built. In this article, we will indicate this point. The number of pyramids in Egypt, according to some resources, is 118 or 138.

Why Pharaohs built Pyramids

The pyramids were built during the period of Old Kingdom as tombs for the pharaohs and their queens. They constructed them to prepare for the next life as they believed they would become gods in the afterlife. There are about 80 ancient Egyptian pyramids still standing, but the three biggest and most well-preserved - called Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, and - are located in Giza. They are calculated to consist of six million tons of stone.The pyramids were built to last; they were constructed around 4,500 years ago and remain standing today.

Most of the Egypt Pyramids were built as tombs for the country's pharaohs and consorts during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods. One other suggested reason is that they were designed it as a type of "resurrection machine"; the pyramid may have been designed to serve as a means to launch the deceased pharaoh's soul directly into the abode of the gods. The pyramids also were built to protect the body of the deceased pharaoh. These massive tombs were constructed to resist the time elements and were intended to last forever.

Some Aspects of Pyramids

The shape of a pyramid is thought to represent the descending rays of the sun. Most pyramids were faced with polished and highly reflective white limestone, to give them a brilliant appearance when viewed from a distance. The pharaoh also believed that his death was an extension of a journey towards eternal life. Therefore, it was important that the pharaoh’s physical body was safeguarded and recognizable by his spirit; this, in turn, led to mummification. Once the process was complete, the pharaoh was buried with his most precious possessions, such as jewelry, funerary statues, and items that would help him in his afterlife. There are many pyramids in Egypt, yet we only see the pyramids of Giza being shown in magazines and books. Some other common pyramids that are never shown, such as the Stepped Pyramid of Djoser, the Maidum Pyramid, the Bent Pyramid, and the Red Pyramid.

How Giza Pyramids were built?

The Great Pyramid of Giza is considered one of the wonders of the world. But how did it and other pyramids in Egypt come to be?
They are as fascinating as they are mysterious. Throughout the years, scientists and archeologists have steadily uncovered secrets. Still, there is always more to be discovered.
Archaeologists have discovered in part how the pyramids were built. They were constructed between 2550 to 2490 B.C. out of limestone and granite. They have long known that the granite came from Aswan- a town 553 miles south of Giza and that the limestone came from Tura, which was located about 12 miles south of Cairo on the Nile.
However, they could not understand how a society with a zero technology, and no use of the wheel could move the 2-ton blocks of limestone and granite from so far away to the site of the pyramids.

The Latest Discovery of Ceremonial Boat

In 2017, the discovery of a ceremonial boat, an ancient papyrus scroll, and a network of waterways, shed light on this previously dark area. The discovery of a ceremonial boat led the team of archeologists to believe that these boats were loaded with the materials used to build the pyramids, then floated down the river, ending up right at the site of pyramids. They discovered that thousands of trained workers likely navigated these boats through the canals along the Nile to transport a large amount of limestone.


Stroll the Egypt pharaohs' sights and find out the ancient temples and ancient Egyptian treasures while visiting Egypt through one amongst our Egypt travel packages.


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Hatshepsut, also called Maatkare, was one of the three female pharaohs that ruled in ancient Egypt. Her name means "foremost of noblewomen." She began her reign as a regent to his stepson Thutmose III then took the full power of the Pharaoh as she claimed to be divine birth, the result of a union between her mother and the god Amun. She also claimed that ThutmoseI had named her as his successor before his death. Being the second historically-confirmed female Pharaoh, Hatshepsut was the fifth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt. Hatshepsut came to the throne of Egypt in 1478 BC. She was the daughter of King Thutmose I and became the queen of Egypt when she married half-brother, Thutmose II, around the age of 12. After his death, she became regent for her stepson, the infant Thutmose III, but then she had the full powers of a pharaoh, becoming co-ruler of Egypt.

Her Major accomplishments


Hatshepsut undertook hundreds of ambitious construction projects throughout both Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. She built her mortuary temple in a complex at Deir el-Bahri, which considered one of the architectural wonders of ancient Egypt, on the West Bank of the Nile River in the ancient Thebes near the entrance of the Valley of the Kings. It was designed and implemented by Senenmut, her chief minister. Another one of her magnificent building is the Hatshepsut needle. Another great achievement of her reign was re-establishing the trade networks that had been disrupted during the Hyksos, and the trading expedition she sent, and that brought back vast riches, including ivory, ebony, gold, and leopard skins, to Egypt from a distant land known as Punt.

Why queen Hatshepsut was being unknown at first?


Queen Hatshepsut ordered to be depicted as a male in many contemporary images and sculptures. Thus, she remained unknown to scholars until the 19th century. Another reason is that Thutmose III had eradicated almost all of the evidence of Hatshepsut's rule–including the images of her as king on the temples and monuments she had built. Consequently, she remained unknown to scholars until they decoded and read the hieroglyphics on the walls of Deir el-Bahri in 1822.

The discovery of Her Mummy


In 1903, the British archeologist Howard Carter discovered Hatshepsut's sarcophagus, but it was empty, like most of the tombs in the Valley of the Kings. In June 2007, there was a discovery of a mummy in the tomb of Hatshepsut's royal nurse, Setre-In. A tooth fragment founded in a jar of organs led to identifying the body to be Hatshepsut's.

When and how did Hatshepsut die?


Hatshepsut died, in the twenty-second year of her reign, on January 16, 1458 BC, as recorded on a single stela erected at Armant. The cause of her death was a matter of speculation; some think that her stepson Thutmose III might have killed her because he erased all signs of her rule. Assuming the identification of her mummy is correct, another cause could be shown; those who examined the mummy concluded that it is most likely that the metastasized cancer killed her. The mummy shows signs of arthritis, many dental cavities and root inflammation and pockets, diabetes, and bone cancer.
Another theory derives from the dental root inflammation and pockets assumed an abscess, which in her weakened condition from cancer, was what killed her. In 2011, researchers in Germany identified a carcinogenic substance in a vial founded with Hatshepsut, which led to the notion that she may have used a lotion or cream for cosmetic reasons or to treat a skin condition that led to cancer.

Queen Hatshepsut was a great pharaoh, Explore her heritage through one of our Egypt vacations and Nile Cruises vacations!


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Today marks the Egyptian year 6264, the start of the primary Egyptian and international Calendar in human history. The ancient Egyptians developed the Calendar to divide the year into 12 months and 05 days. It depends on the solar cycle. The Egyptian Calendar is one of the primary calendars known to humanity. Know more!

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Egypt is a piece of heaven made for people that appreciate the value and the beauty of history. It offers the chance for the solo female travelers to feel empowered once they looked at the history and great constructions made by Egyptian women. A solo woman traveler will always find what she is looking for between Egypt's fantastic destination, both ancient and new, and create some amazing joyful memories that will remain to the end of time. Here are a few answers to the most common questions about traveling to Egypt as a solo woman and some safety guidelines to know to make your adventure unforgettable.

 1. Will I be Harassed in Egypt?
 2. Places to Avoid … and Not to Avoid
 3. How to Get Around Egypt as a Female Traveler
 4. What to Wear in Egypt as a Solo Girl
 5. Find Yourself a Safe Hotel
 6. Book Local Female Guides
 7. Mark Your Territory

 1- Will I be Harassed in Egypt?
 Unfortunately, harassment is a universal phenomenon that happens in Egypt also. You would possibly face some minor verbal abuse, so you've got to be careful, and therefore the best way to deal with it to ignore it and move on with your tour guide. That’s why it is good to have a tour guide with you all the time who will keep away any discomfort or harassment. And if you lost your tour guide and felt concern, the tourism police will always be by your side.

 2- Places to Avoid … and Not to Avoid
 Cairo and Luxor at night is the place to be as the heat fizzles out and many families stroll to the streets where all the hidden beauty of the city rises, which offers the ultimate unexpected pleasure for all of the female travelers. Most of Egypt’s budget hotels are acceptable for solo women, so make sure to stay in a hotel fully rated and comfortable before making any step.

3- How to Get Around Egypt as a Female Traveler
 Female travelers can use either taxi or Uber & Careem because there isn’t any difference between the two in safety. Both Cairo and Alexandria are easy to get around due to the various ways of transportation at low prices. Always sit within the back seat if you used a taxi or uber. And if you used a metro, ride the women-only carriages. On all the other public transportations always sit next to a woman.

4- What to Wear in Egypt as a Solo Girl
 Dress Conservatively Modesty is the best Virtue the key to receiving good treatment and respect.
 It is advised to always dress modestly while traveling across Egypt because Egypt's nature is a bit conservative, so always cover your knees, upper arms, and cleavage. When you decide to visit or enter the mosque, cover your ankles and wrists and put a headscarf on your head to cover your hair. Save all the shorts and singlet for the beach.

5- Find Yourself a Safe Hotel: A Home Away from Home
Hotels are the best places to stay in as all the entrances are security checked and secure, so pick a high rated hotel before traveling to Egypt, which can become your second home while traveling. Always carry your hotel business information once you are out if you got lost and need to get home and your Arabic isn’t good.

6- Book Local Female Guides
It is always good to have a local female tour guide with you while traveling across Egypt. It is always better to be accompanied by a trusted local guide than being alone who will provide the most incredible details about Egyptian history.

7- Mark Your Territory
 Be Aware of your surroundings & plan every step. It is always wise to learn the full details and information about the places you will be visiting not only on the internet but also on the ground by exploring the government sites, travel blogs, and public forums to learn about the concerned places. Learn the names of the tourist place you intend to visit and learn some Arabic world like:
 1. Salam or Marhaba    ⇒Hello
 2. Bi-Teetklam ingleezi? ⇒ Do you speak English?
 3. Jameel  ⇒ Beautiful
 4. Ismi...    ⇒ My name is…
 5.Shukran ⇒ Thank you
 6. Afwan    ⇒  You are welcome (Reply to Shukran)

Book Your Egypt Vacation Now
 With its unique ancient history, historical artifacts, cultural adventures, and countless activities to do from dusk till dawn, Egypt is the place you can sense the old, the new, and everything in between. To experience everything Egypt has to offer, you can browse our Egypt travel packages and Nile cruises and seize the chance to witness all the beautiful gems in the timeless cities Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, and Aswan.

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The Era of building pyramids

The pyramid’s large volume reflects the unique role that the pharaoh, or king, played in ancient Egyptian society. The pyramids were built from the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the close of the Ptolemaic period in the fourth century A.D. The pyramids’ smooth, angled sides symbolized the sun’s rays as it was designed to help the king’s soul ascend to heaven and join the gods, particularly the sun god Ra.

How many pyramids in Egypt?

Pyramids are some of the most beautiful human-made structures in history. The Egyptian Pyramids were built during the pharaohs' civilization. The most famous pyramids are the Great pyramids of Giza, but there are many others in Egypt.

As of November 2008, according to Wikipedia, sources cite either 118 or 138 are the number of identified Egyptian pyramids. Other sources cite they are about eighty pyramids. Most of them were
built to be tombs for the country’s pharaohs and their consorts during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods. The pharaohs were buried in the pyramids with different shapes and sizes from the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the end of the Middle Kingdom. The Egyptian pyramids still preserve much of their magnificence, providing a glimpse into the country’s rich and glorious past.

The Main Pyramids

Some of the main pyramids in Egypt are the Step Pyramid, the Pyramid of Meidum, The Bent Pyramid, The Red Pyramid, Khufu’s Pyramid, Khafre’s Pyramid, Menkaure’s Pyramid, Buried Pyramid, Pyramid of Lahun, Pyramid of Userkaf, Pyramid of Hawara, Pyramid of Teti and Pyramid of Unas.

The Oldest Pyramids

The Step Pyramid is the oldest known pyramid in Egypt was built around 2630 B.C. at Saqqara, for the third dynasty’s King Djoser. It began as a traditional mastaba but grew into something much more ambitious. There are four forms of pyramids in Egypt: mastaba pyramid, stepped pyramid, bent pyramid, and true pyramid.

Giza pyramids

The great pyramids of Giza are three in number. Most of them were built as tombs for the country's pharaohs. They were built over the span of three generations by the rulers Menkaure, Khafre, and Khufu. Pyramids are included in 7 wonders of the world. Pyramids of Giza held the title for the world's tallest Human-made structure over 3871 years.

Starting with:

1- Khufu pyramid

It is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was built during the rule of Khufu Pharaoh. It has been constructed over 20 years. And it has the following characteristics:Height: 146.5 m(481 ft).The Great Pyramid was the tallest human-made structure in the world for more than 3,800 years.
In AD 1301, a massive earthquake loosened many of the outer casing stones of the pyramid. Khufu was the second pharaoh of the 4th dynasty. From: 2589 to 2566 BC, He is not a good warrior nor a politician, but history Knows him due to his great pyramid. The Greeks believed that slave labor was used. Verner supposed that the labor consisted of two gangs
of 100,000 men. The Great Pyramid was surfaced by white “casing stones. “

2-Khafren pyramid

The middle pyramid at Giza was built for Khufu’s son (Khafre) (2558-2532 B.C). A unique feature built inside Khafre’s pyramid complex was the Great Sphinx, a guardian statue carved in limestone with the head of a man and the body of a lion. It was the largest statue in the ancient world, measuring 240 feet long and 66 feet high. In the 18th dynasty (c. 1500 B.C.), the Great Sphinx was being worshiped itself, as the image of a local form of the god Horus. It has the following Characteristics:
The pyramid has a base length of 215.5 m (706 Ft) A height of 136.4 meters (448 ft.) Only approximately 10 feet shorter than the Great Pyramid.
The pyramid is made of limestone blocks weighing more than 2 tons each.
The bottom course of the cladding is pink granite, but higher sections are clad in limestone. It has a slope angle of 53?.10.

3- Menkaure pyramid

The southernmost pyramid at Giza was built for Khafre’s son Menkaure (2532-2503 B.C.). It is the shortest of the three pyramids (218 feet) and is a precursor of the smaller pyramids that would be constructed during the fifth and sixth dynasties.

Pyramids Today:

The Great Pyramids no longer reach their original heights; Khufu’s, for example, measures only 451 feet high. Nonetheless, millions of people continue to visit the pyramids each year, drawn by their towering grandeur and the enduring allure of Egypt’s rich and glorious past.


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The Vally of the Kings

New Kingdom pharaohs wanted their tombs to be hidden, so they built their tombs in the hills like the necropolis in the west of Luxor, which is now called the Valley of the Kings. It is one of the first examples of the necropolis, which was contradicted with the Pharaohs of Egypt's Old Kingdom, who built pyramids and some massive public monuments to be their tombs.

Why the Valley became famous?

In modern times the valley has become famous for the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun and is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world. In 1979, it became a World Heritage Site, along with the rest of the Theban Necropolis.

How was the Vally built?

Builders benefited from available geological features when constructing the tombs. Some tombs were quarried out of existing limestone clefts, others behind slopes of scree, or were at the edge of rock spurs created by ancient flood channels. The majority of the royal tombs were decorated with religious texts and images. The ordinary tomb consisted of a long inclined rock-cut corridor, descending through one or more halls to the burial chamber.

Description of the Valley

In 1979 UNESCO announced the valley is a part of the World Heritage site of ancient Thebes, which also includes the Valley of the Queens and Karnak Temples. Located in the hills behind El Deir el-Bahari, most of the tombs were cut into the limestone following a similar pattern: three corridors, an antechamber, and a sunken sarcophagus chamber. These catacombs were harder to rob and were more easily concealed. Construction usually lasted six years, beginning with the new reign.

The contents of the tombs

The tombs contained preparations for the next world, where the pharaohs were expected to become one with the gods. Therefore, Mummification was used to preserve the body so that the deceased's eternal soul could reanimate it in the afterlife. The underground tombs were also well stocked with all the materials, which might help the king in the next world, like furniture, clothes, and jewelry. Treasures are also found in the tombs, like the golden masks found with King Tut. However, most of the tombs were robbed.

The Valley Tombs and the Period of Building

During Egypt's New Kingdom (1539-1075 B.C.), the valley became a royal burial ground for pharaohs such as Tutankhamun, Seti I, and Ramses II, as well as queens, high priests, and other nobles of the 18th, 19th, and 20th dynasties. There are 64 tombs contained bodies and belongings of pharaohs Thutmose I until Ramesses X or XI.

The Famous Tombs

The wonderful treasures were exhumed from Tutankhamun’s tomb in 1922 and now reside in Cairo's Egyptian Museum. The longest tomb (number 20) belongs to Queen Hatshepsut (reigned 1472–58), whose burial chamber is nearly 700 feet (215 meters) from the entrance and descends 320 feet (100 meters) into the rock.
The largest and most complex tomb in the Valley of the Kings (number 5) was apparently built to contain the burial chambers of many of Ramses II's sons (reigned 1279–13), the greatest king of the 19th dynasty.
Egyptologists use the acronym K.V. (standing for Kings' Valley) to designate tombs located in the Valley of the Kings.
Some other tombs are :KV1Ramesses VII,KV2Ramesses IV, KV4Ramesses XI, KV6, Ramesses IX , KV7, Ramesses II, KV8 Merenptah, KV15 Seti II, KV20 Thutmose1, and Hatshepsut, KV60 Sitre In, and KV64Singer [the Lady] Nehmes Bastet.

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The location of the Aswan dam

The Aswan Dam is located in the south of Egypt, Aswan crosses the Nile River and utilizes its power for several social and economic cases.

History of building Aswan Dam

British engineers started working on the first Aswan Dam in 1899 and completed the work in 1902, but the final result showed to be inadequate for the strong currents of the Nile. Some attempts to raise the height of the Dam had been carried out, but it still insufficient.
The Egyptian government decided to build a second dam after the 1952 Egyptian Revolution, and the building lasted until 1970. The second Dam was primarily intended to be a joint project between Egypt, the United States, and Great Britain. But Unfortunately, the foreign backers canceled the funding before construction began.
Therefore, The Soviet Union offered to provide some of the needed funding to gain a foothold in Africa during the Cold War. They also provided technicians and large machinery, as well as funds.

Benefits of the High Dam

The essential benefit of the Aswan Dam is controlling the annual flooding of the Nile River. Also, the Dam has helped the agricultural industries in the area as it provided much-needed water for irrigation, as well as producing electricity from the hydroelectric output of the river. The Dam granted small villages in Egypt the luxury of using electricity for the first time.
 Lake Nasser, named in his honor, is the giant reservoir created by the Dam –300 miles long and 10 miles wide. Its formation required the resettlement of 90,000 Egyptian peasants and Sudanese Nubian nomads. Most of the water that enters into Lake Nasser is dedicated to agricultural causes; the water is applied to crops on the field through a system that allows two crops a year to be produced, in contrast with the natural precipitation which allowed one crop only in the year. This enhanced the economy of the country.

What happened to the Archaeological sites for building the Dam

Nearly 22 monuments and architectural complexes that were threatened by flooding from Lake Nasser, including the Abu Simbel temples, were relocated to the shores of the lake under the UNESCO Campaign for Nubia. Other monuments that were relocated are Philae, Kalabsha, Amada, The Debod temple, The Temple of Dendur, The Temple of Taffeh, The Temple of Ellesyia, and The temple of Ramses II.

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5 Egyptian Monuments That aren't Pyramids And Almost nobody Knows

Egypt is renowned for holding one of the oldest civilizations within the world. The country is filled with story borders. However, once we speak about monuments that were made by these civilizations, the sole answer we hear is that the "pyramids."
The primary purpose of the pyramids was to protect the body of the mummified Pharaoh and his private estates, like jewelry, own utensils, and other material goods. But have you ever expected that there would be more monuments in Egypt than the pyramids?
With that in mind, we've listed for you a number of the buildings that are important in Egypt, but almost nobody knows:

1 – Malkata Palace

Amenhotep III ruled Egypt for nearly 40 years, and before his rule, Egypt had never witnessed such prosperity and riches. He was considered a king god in his Malkata palace.
The palace was huge, housing Amenhotep's entire family, servants, guests, and an enormous of princesses, each with their servants.

2– City of Tanis

The city of Tanis was one of the closest ports to the Asian coast and was considered one in every of the wealthiest cities within the region. It absolutely was a famous commercial and strategic city until it was threatened by flooding from Lake Manzala until it was finally abandoned. After a protracted time, it became referred to as the "Lost City of Tanis."

3 – Seti I time

Located in Abydos, one in each of the places that are considered very sacred in ancient Egypt. Abydos was initially dedicated to the god Wepwawet, whose goal was to open the way for the dead to enter the afterlife.
One of the few remaining temples inside Abydos was the Arrow I Temple, which has an "L" shape. The temple had commemoration halls and enormous rooms where workers raised the roof by placing many columns throughout the structure.

4 – Babylon Fortress

Initially built by the Romans, the building has been linked to Babylonian followers, and even prisoners brought from Babylon by Pharaoh Sesostris within the 19th century BC.
The fortress was considered a refuge for Christians, especially people who suffered some persecution. Within the fort itself, there are several built churches, including the "Suspended," one in every of Egypt's most famous "Coptic" churches.


5 – Meritamun Statue

Unlike most of Egypt's historical cities, Akhmim is still active today and is opposite the ancient Egyptian city of Ipu. As archaeologists excavated the site, they eventually discovered fragments of a statue of Ramses II and an intact 11-meter-tall statue of Meritamun, daughter of Ramses II.

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The Most Famous ten kinds of Egyptian Food – Egyptian Culture Food

Egypt isn't only famous for its ancient monuments, culture, and resorts, but it's also famous for its fabulous food and other
beautiful things. Egypt on the first tourist countries in the world for several reasons; in between them is Food. This article will
show up the most famous kinds of Egyptian food:

1. Koshari
Kushari ⇒ Egyptian Food
One of the most famous Egyptian food dishes a mix of rice, lentils, macaroni topped with fried onions, garlic, chickpeas, and tomato
sauce. koshari is normally eaten in dedicated koshari restaurants that serve the dish exclusively.

2. Ful & Ta’meya ⇒ (Fava Beans and Falafel)
Ful & Ta’meya – Egyptian Food
The most famous Egyptian fast food;  they're the main fast food within the  Egyptian breakfast. The ful is made of fava beans. The
Ta’meya or falafel is made out of crushed fava beans made into a paste then fried. It is made in the shape of flat discs and is typically eaten as a sandwich with salad.

3. Hawawshi  ⇒(Egyptian Meat Pie)
Hawawshi – Egyptian Food
Spiced ground beef cooked in a whole loaf of bread, either in a rotisserie oven or baked in a regular oven. Hawawshi is perhaps best
known as a staple of home-style Egyptian cooking to make you feel good.

4. Shawerma
Shawerma⇒ Egyptian Food
While Shawerma isn't originally a native Egyptian dish, it became so due to Egypt being a part of the  Ottoman Empire.
Shawarma is a large cone of pressed lamb or chicken rotated vertically in front of a flame grill. As the meat is cooked, it is sliced
off and mixed on a griddle with chopped tomato, onion, and parsley before being rolled in a sizeable Syrian sandwich, wrapped in foil.

5. Kabab & Kofta (Grilled Meats)
Kabab & Kofta
Flame-grilled chunks of lamb (kebab) and spiced minced meat made into a sausage and grilled on a skewer (kofta) are a favorite Egyptian food meal. They're usually served with bread and green salads, mostly tahini, baba ghanoush, and they are a must for any meat lover visiting Egypt.

6. Mulukhiya
Mulukhiya ⇒ Egyptian Food
It is one of the favorite dishes of Egyptians. Hard to like on the first encounter, this is a soup made from mallow leaves. Green in color, it has a thick, viscous texture. Cooked in an animal stock like chicken, beef, or rabbit, and served with rice or bread. And it’s one of the most delicious dishes in Egypt.

7. Fatta
Fatta ⇒ Egyptian Food
Fatta consists of rice and fried bread, covered in garlic and meat soup and Large chunks of stewed beef.

8. Baklava
Baklava ⇒ Egyptian Food
Crushed nuts baked between layers of filo dough and topped with a sweet syrup.

9. Basboosa
Basboosa ⇒ Egyptian Food
Light and crumbly cake baked and topped with a sweet syrup.

10. Konafa
Konafa ⇒ Egyptian Food
At first glance, it looks like hay, but it’s actually really thin and
It’s another dessert we recommend you try in Egypt. The Kanefeh is a cake prepared with some semolina noodles, similar to angel hair, rolled and flattened and cooked together with butter and a creamy cheese over low heat topped with a sweet syrup with a few nuts are added.

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Centrally located in the core of Tahrir Square in Cairo, the Egyptian Museum is tough to miss on any Cairo tour. The opening was in 1902, and it had been purpose-built to accommodate the antiquities of Ancient Egypt. Inside the Museum is the most fabulous collection of Ancient Egyptian archeological history.

Egyptian Museum's location is Tahrir Square at Downtown, Cairo.  Cairo is usually called "the city that never sleeps" of Egypt, especially for Downtown. It's not only the center of Cairo, but also the middle for each life activity and facility, and the hub for various experiences.

Contents & Items inside the Museum

The Egyptian Museum in Cairo collecting over 120,000 artifacts, including Tutankhamen's tomb and most of the mummies, discovered since the 19th century. The Museum's exhibits span from the start of the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt (approximately 2700 BC) to the Greco-Roman period. The building consists of two floors. On the ground floor, you'll be able to follow the history of Egypt from the Old Kingdom up through the Greco-Roman period by turning left at the doorway and looping around the Museum. This provides a decent background for many of Egypt's ancient history.

Upstairs the Museum is organized thematically with an outsized portion of visitors from all over the world enjoying watching the exhibit of the contents of Tutankhamun's tomb, including his famous funerary mask. Also upstairs is that the room dedicated to the attractive jewelry discovered within the Royal Tombs of Tanis. Another fantastic place to visit in the Museum during your Egypt vacation, the Royal Mummy Room, requires the acquisition of a separate ticket. Inside you'll be able to see the mummies of many Egypt's most famous pharaohs kings and queens, including Ramses II, Seti I, and Egypt's only queen, Hatshepsut.

The Egyptian Museum also referred to as the Museum of ancient Egyptian civilization, houses a number of the world's most important collections of ancient artifacts. Inside the walls of that high and old pinkish building located in Downtown Maidan Al-Tahrir, the priceless treasures of King Tutankhamun and a few other ancient Egyptian greatest pharaohs, together with the belongings, mummies, jewelry, and food bowls of Ancient Egyptians that were buried with the kings to use within the afterlife as believed by the ancient Egyptians.

More than 100,000 ancient Objects

The Egyptian Museum in Cairo houses an excellent and large collection of artifacts, mummies, coffins, stones, ancient belongings, and even food types that wont to be buried with the kings before death to use within the afterlife. As a part of the traditional Egyptian beliefs and religion, ancient Egyptians used to bury the dead with all their belongings as they believed that they’re going to use their clothes and food once they pass to the After Life.
As a remarkable fact, Kings were buried with their material belongings and their “servants.”  The Museum’s collection is overgrowing yearly as archaeologists make discoveries over time. For example, Tutankhamun’s enormous tomb and, therefore, the impressive discoveries that were made inside it, and consequently, the tomb belongings of Tanis were discovered after the Museum opened. Now the Museum has over 100,000 ancient objects inside its walls. Some objects were moved to the new Grand Egyptian Museum, while most of them are still within the main Museum in Tahrir. The Museum in Tahrir will remain as the first spot for the traditional Egyptian heritage, even after the opening of the Grand Museum.

With its unique ancient history, historical artifacts, cultural adventures, and countless activities, Egypt is the place you can sense the old, the new, and everything in between. To experience everything Egypt has to offer, you can browse our Egypt travel packages and Nile cruises and seize the chance to witness all the beauty of the ancient Egyptian treasures.

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Why the Luxor Temple is Important?

Luxor Temple is a large Ancient Egyptian temple complex located on the east bank of the Nile River in Luxor (ancient Thebes) and was constructed nearly 1400 BCE. In the Egyptian language, it is known as, "the southern sanctuary".

Luxor Temple was one of the most powerful temples in Ancient Egypt, the Temple deity being Amun or Amun-Ra. Beginning in the New Kingdom period, the power of Amun’s priesthood rivaled that of the Pharaoh. Luxor was also an important temple because of its location in the middle of the ancient city of Thebes, on the east bank of the Nile. It is near the river bank. Luxor Temple is a little over a mile from the temple complex of Karnak. Unlike most other Egyptian temples, Luxor has a north-south orientation because the temple faced Karnak.

The Development of it's building

Amenhotep III was a New Kingdom pharaoh, and he rebuilt the temple’s core, which included the Inner Sanctuary. Amenhotep III also added a sun court to the front of the temple and a colonnade to the front of the sun court. Pharaoh Ramesses II built the Great Court at the front of the colonnade. It was orientated to face Karnak. Nectanebo II built a forecourt in front of the Great Court. He also rebuilt the sphinx statue.

Pharaohs Era

In contrast with the other temples in Thebes, Luxor temple is not dedicated to a cult god or a deified version of the king in death. Instead, Luxor temple is dedicated to the installation of kingship; it may have been where many of the kings of Egypt were crowned.
The Importance of the Temple

The Roman era

During the Roman era, the temple and its surroundings were a legionary fortress and the center of the Roman government in the area. After Christianity became the religion of the Empire, the Romans built several churches in or near Luxor. They built one of these churches inside the Great Court.

Muslims era

In the 13th Century, Muslims built a mosque over the church in the Great Court. This mosque is still in use today and it is called Abulhaggag. Scholars have determined that Luxor has been an active religious center for at least 3,000 years.

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This beautiful Philae temple complex is one of the foremost things to do in Aswan with it's picturesque in all of Egypt. It sits on Aglika Island just south of the old High Dam, and you need to ride a motorboat to reach the island. This temple was moved to its current location following the development of the High Dam, which threatened to submerge it permanently.

The exact reconstruction at this site carefully completed, painstakingly preserving the original appearance and layout of the complex and even landscaping the island to match its former location.

Philae grew to prominence during the Ptolemaic Dynasty, because of the center of the cult of the goddess Isis. This complex was one of all the last remaining places, where the traditional religion survived after the arrival of Christianity in Egypt, officially closed only in 550 AD as the Early Christians used most of the temple on the island as a church.

This is the reason for the defacement of a number of the figures of the traditional Gods, as these Christians tried to get rid of the pagan imagery from their newly claimed sanctuaries.
The Temple of Isis is the main feature here, but there are several other smaller temples on the island that are worth admiring.

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This site south of Aswan along Lake Nasser's shore is that the most famous altogether of Egypt after the Giza Pyramids. Built by the one of The greatest pharaohs, Ramses, these massive rock-cut temples marked the southern boundary of Egypt with Nubia at the height of its power during the New Kingdom. They were meant to convey the ability of Egypt's rulers to anyone who laid eyes upon them.

Abu Simbel was rediscovered in 1813 by Swiss explorer John Lewis Burckhardt. The temples had been forgotten for long, and the sands had covered nearly most of the large statues. Since 1909 when the sand was finally cleared away, these twin temples became the first famous site in Egypt's south.

Although they appear like monuments to Ramses and his wife, both temples are temples dedicated to the gods. The more significant temple with four huge statues of Ramses seated ahead of it's dedicated to Amun, Ptah, and Re-Harakty. The second temple, still huge although significantly smaller than the primary, was built to honor Ramess's favorite wife, Nefertari, and is devoted to the goddess Hathor.

The temple has six colossal statues on its facade, four depicting Ramesses, and the other two showing Nefertari. The second temple is critical for the status afforded to the wife of the pharaoh, representing her several times on equal footing with the pharaoh.
The enormous temple is illuminated with the sun twice a year, and the sun shines into its deepest recesses to illuminate Ramesses's statue.  The Abu Simbel Sun Festival occurs on February 22nd and October 22nd of each year, with several thousand people gathering early within the morning to determine this testament to the knowledge and skill that the traditional Egyptians possess to align the temple so perfectly.

The temples are located several hours drive south of Aswan, but most tourists make Abu Simbel by plane. The flight from Aswan is simply half-hour, and there are two flights daily, time so that tourists will have about two hours to spend at the temples.
It is also possible to go to Abu Simbel by joining a Nasser cruise. These ships moor just before the temples so that passengers can determine the temples by moonlight and in the early morning light. Looking for a great way to explore this impressive temple, brwose our variety of Egypt Tour to The Temple.

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All What you need to learn About Egypt Nile Cruise

Egyptian vacation will be complete with a Nile cruise. All the new visitors will have a variety of options when it comes to a Nile cruise. Here what you don’t know about Egypt Nile cruises and how to enjoy your Egypt vacation while exploring all the history and beauty of this country.

The History of Nile Cruises in Egypt

The Nile cruise history goes back to 4000 years ago when the ancient Egyptians learned how to navigate their way through it. At the beginning of the 19th and 20th centuries, travelers create what became a Nile cruise. In 1858, the main manner for travel across the Nile was a dahabiya, which was limited. In 1870 the tourism company Thomas Cook brought speedy steamers, which revolutionized the entire industry by cutting the time of sailing from three months to a 20 days sightseeing expedition.


The Nile Cruises Duration between Luxor and Aswan

A Nile cruise from Luxor to Aswan would take five days, and a Nile cruise from Aswan to Luxor would take four days. During this tour, you will visit the East & West Bank of Luxor and Aswan, plus experience the full luxury and comfort on this floating boat.


The Nile Cruises Categories

 Various Nile cruises in Egypt will fit every traveler’s criteria and needs, whether traveling on a budget or desiring to experience the luxury cruise between the beautiful destinations of ancient Egypt. A Nile cruise will give you closer access to all the destinations simply by boarding one. There are three Nile cruise categories:

1. Standard Nile Cruises

On the budget and cheap Nile cruises holiday, travelers will experience all that this country offers and a relaxing, comfortable treatment at the most affordable prices. Every traveler will get to witness the beauty and greatness of this great civilization at every sunrise and sunset.

2. Luxury Nile Cruises

If you want to get the full ride with all fun, then the luxury Nile cruise is the one for you where you get to spend your stay in paradise with a deluxe five stars accommodation between Luxor's golden cities and Aswan.

3. High Luxury Nile Cruises

High luxury Nile cruise is for travelers who want to feel like royalty and live a truly magical time. Everything on the high luxury cruise is designed to make you feel like a king between the immortal cities of Luxor and Aswan.

Nile Cruises Types

The Nile cruises differ in type as there are private Nile cruise called dahabiya, and the other one a group Nile cruise, a typical Nile cruise with 50 cabins or more.

1. Private Dahabiya Nile Cruises

A private Nile cruise is known as a Dahabiya, which has about ten cabins where every traveler can explore the beauty of the Nile without on their own in total privacy. That’s why it became known as the most exclusive and luxurious way to experience the Nile river in
total comfort, peace, and quiet.

2. A Group Nile Cruises

A group Nile cruise with 50 cabins or more is a way to build a friendship with kind people who appreciate the ancient Egyptian civilization's beauty and history. Onboard the cruise, everyone will experience the most incredible treatment and witness a remarkable piece of art that shines in day and night, spreading a sense of excitement, joy, and blessing on whoever lays their eyes on them between Luxor and Aswan.

Facilities on Board Nile Cruises

– Restaurant, lounge, and bar
– 24-hour reception
– Wireless internet access
– Telephone system with international calls
– Doctor on calls on board
– Laundry service & housekeeping
– Gift shop
– Beauty salon
– Gymnasium
– A private bathroom (with bathtub, hairdryer)
– Private safe box & mini bar
– Complete water purification station
– Sun deck with swimming pool

Nile Cruises for Families

There is no more fantastic adventure or a complete vacation to have with your family than a Nile cruise. There are always rooms for a family on a Nile cruise as long as you book early. Where a family can genuinely bond under the historical attractions on the banks of the Nile and the satisfying service that will have your family experience full joy.

Best Time to Enjoy the Nile Cruise in Egypt

Any time to go on a Nile cruise is perfect, but the best ideal time to go on a Nile cruise is between October and April in the winter months as it’s not hot, and it’s not recommended that you travel during the peak summer months from June through August.

What You Will Visit During the Egypt Nile Cruises?

In Luxor ⇒ Luxor is the world’s greatest open-air museum, located in Upper Egypt and used to be the capital of Egypt during the Middle Kingdom(1975-1640 BC) and the New Kingdom(1570-1050 BC). You will explore one of the largest religious temples in the world, known as Karnak temple, located at the heart of the city, and the colossal Colossi of Memnon belongs to Amenhotep III in the 18th dynasty and more! Check our cruise packages to know more about the sightseeing in Luxor.

In Aswan ⇒ Aswan is the southern guardian and a gateway due to Its strategic location. You will explore many of sightseeing such as :
• The grand temple of Abu Simbel, one of the main highlights in Aswan, was created in 1244 B.C by Ramses II to immortalize his identity & legacy.
• The beautiful Philae temple was built in 696 BC.
• The Temple of the Sky God Hours, Edfu temple
• Kom Ombo temple of the crocodile deity Sobek
Finally, you will get to explore more and more during your Egypt Nile cruise vacation: browse our cruise packages to learn more about the sightseeing.

Answers for Most Common Questions About Egypt Nile Cruises!

Is there a Nile Cruise from Cairo to Aswan?
Yes, there is a long Nile cruise from Cairo to Aswan from 10 to 15 days starting from the point of departure, whether Cairo or Aswan.

Is a Nile Cruise Wheelchair-Accessible?
All the Nile cruises are equipped with a wheelchair-accessible. The accommodation and the interior of most cruises are
fully prepared and designed initially to handle traveler needs.

How Safe are Nile Cruises?
Sailing onboard a Nile cruise is safe. The Nile cruise itself is secure and safe. It is equipped with the usual safety features, a life jacket, a resident doctor on board, and cams all over the Nile cruise to control any move.

Will there be Wi-Fi on the cruise?
There is wifi onboard the cruise, which you have to pay for to access, so it is advised to buy a local sim card so you can have access to the internet at cheap prices. But with Around Egypt Tours, you will have access to the internet for free anywhere.

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For thousands of years, travelers have traveled to Egypt to marvel at the ancient pyramids and temples left over from the time of the pharaohs, one of the greatest civilizations the world has ever known. More recently, visitors will also be able to immerse themselves in the culture or do business in Cairo;  and discover the idyllic beaches and world-famous cliffs of the Red Sea. Assuming a trip to Egypt is on your wish list, one of the first decisions you will need to make is when to leave.

What is the most appropriate time of year to visit Egypt?

If you are wondering what the best time to go to Egypt is, it would be in the high season.

Contrary to rampant belief, this is not actually during the summer. Visiting Egypt during the summer season is very uncomfortable due to the extremely high heat.

This is why the best time to visit Egypt is from mid-October to February.

The temperatures are milder during this time and you don't have to be on edge about dealing with constant sweating and dehydration. Instead, you can enjoy your journey and immerse yourself in an amazing and fun experience at all times. Sunbathing in winter is great fun and comfortable. You will be impressed by the experience and exceptional quality that travel in the high season can offer you.

But, there are a few things to keep in mind. First, many people know that this is the best time of the year to visit Egypt.

Hence, housing prices are very high, especially if you go on Christmas or New Year. That said, it allows you to enjoy the best time. The only disadvantage is that there will be crowds in most places you go, so booking things in advance makes a lot of sense.

Another thing to remember is that it can get colder due to Cairo's winter weather and Alexandria's weather can be quite cold. That is why it is recommended that you bring some jackets or items that can help. It's a great idea to take your time and prepare everything in advance to make sure everything is okay.

The best time to go to Egypt is to sunbathe on the beach

When it comes to the most appropriate time to visit Egypt for beach time, January is always the best time to embark on that trip. The skies of Northern Europe are reaching the Red Sea coast and the beaches of Sharm el-Sheikh. The daytime weather is perfect.

Sure, it might rain, so this isn't foolproof when it comes to weather changes, but for the most part, it will be just fine and lead to fantastic results.

This alone can make a difference, and you will always be amazed by the benefits, quality, and experience. Hence yes, if you want to go to the beach in Egypt, January is the right time to do it, and in the end, you will be delighted with the results.

When is the most appropriate time to visit Egypt for budget travelers?

In general, May is the best time if you are on a tight budget. You can still see many of the temples on the Nile side without any problems, and very hot. In May it is quite warm, but that is also why the prices are lower, and there are fewer people.

You can also try April. This month is the perfect time to take a felucca trip. For instance, there are all kinds of overnight felucca trips from Aswan, and you can camp in the white desert. All of these things are so fun to try, and many people love them. This is why it is one of the best times to go to Egypt.

When is the perfect time of year to visit Egypt for travel in general?

When the weather cools, you can enjoy Egypt in all its glory. I recommend choosing November as the ideal month for traveling in general. You can go hiking, enjoy different camel rides, and decide to visit the region's mosques and madrassas. It is a good time to do any tourist activity as it is not too hot, but not too cold either, which helps a lot.


As you can see, the most appropriate time to visit Egypt varies depending on what you want to do within the country. Generally, you may want to visit Egypt in October-February if you want the best weather, but this is also where you find the highest prices and crowds. Mid-fall and early spring can also be a good time, especially if you're on a tight budget. That's why the best time to visit Egypt depends on what you and your family want to do while you're there. If you want to save money and do indoor activities or visit the pyramids at night, go during the summer.

If you plan to spend a lot of time outdoors, winter is best. Use the weather as your guide, think about your goals, and plan ahead, and you are sure to have a spectacular trip.

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What was the aim of the Karnak temples?

When you plan for a vacation to Egypt and decide to visit Karnak, you're paying a visit to the center of Egypt during the New Kingdom. This huge temple complex was in the middle of the traditional faith, while power was concentrated at Thebes (modern-day Luxor), and its significance is reflected in its enormous size. Additionally to its religious significance, it served as a treasury, place of work, and palace for the New Kingdom pharaohs. It's considered because the largest temple complex ever constructed anywhere in the world.

It developed over a period of 1500 years, added to by generation after generation of pharaohs and leading to a group of temples, sanctuaries, pylons, and other decorations that are unparalleled throughout Egypt.

While the peak of its importance was during the New Kingdom and famous pharaohs like Hatshepsut, Tuthmose III, Seti I, and Ramses the Great all contributed significant additions to the complex, and construction continued into the Greco-Roman Period with the Ptolemies, Romans, and early Christians all leaving their mark here

How are the structures of the Karnak temples Complex:

Karnak is divided into three compounds: the precinct of Amun, the precinct of Mut, and the precinct of Montu; however, for many visitors, the biggest of those, the precinct of Amun, is enough. Its complicated layout alone dwarfs every other site that you will visit in Egypt. The precinct of Amun contains all of the first famous sections of the Karnak complex, including the dizzying Great Hypostyle Hall. This hall of 134 massive columns. Going into the detailed description of the various elements that form up the complex could be a nearly endless task that we'll leave to a guide.

 Instead, we'll suggest that you allow lots of time to explore this vast complex and admire the various impressive sights. Imagine how awe-inspiring it must be over 2000 thousand years ago when these immense structures were newly constructed.

Like all of the essential sights in Egypt, Karnak includes a sound and light-weight show that's offered in several different languages. The show takes place three times an evening, but you ought to consult your guide about the available languages of the various showings.

Stroll the sites of the pharaohs of Egypt and find out the ancient temples while visiting the Karnak temples through one amongst our Egypt Nile Cruises.

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how much Egypt visa

Planning a trip to visit Egypt to see the awe-inspiring Great Pyramids? Anyone traveling to Egypt will first have to take these easy steps to get an Egypt tourist visa. You can enjoy the sights of Egypt only after obtaining a visa to Egypt.

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Egypt People

When planning for a vacation or visiting a place, there are various things to consider. In addition to the beauty of the place, the locals' friendliness is also very important. The beautiful places with rude people is a real drag for tourists. Tourists always prefer people with helping and loving natures because they absolutely can make their vacation go from pretty good to the best ever!

Egyptians are the most helpful people with the purest hearts. Many tourists are so impressed by the Egyptians they meet during their holidays. On your vacation to Egypt, you will not only have the best time of your life, but also you will meet the most amazing people. This is because the Egyptian people are very helpful, and every tourist is like a guest in their own house. It is in their culture and nature to welcome their guests and help them have a wonderful time in their country.

Wonderful Nature

All Egyptians have wonderful nature with a welcoming heart. Every single tourist is welcomed by the locals and is helped if required. The people are so welcoming and warm that they will even welcome you to their houses, and you'll get to see Egypt through their eyes. Their amazing nature will make you want to return over and over to visit this excellent land.

Always Ready To Help

Egyptians will always help you, no matter what. Irrespective of the situations, with their care and warmth, you will always be cheered up. No matter if you are lost on the path or trying to find the restaurant of your choice, the locals will always be there to guide and encourage you.


To Egyptian pepole, everyone visiting their home country is a guest of their house. Hence, there are almost zero robberies affecting tourists, nor are tourists scammed and harassed in most cases.

Rich Cultural Heritage

Egyptian culture is so magical and splendid that tourists will entirely fall in love with it and its beauty. Local Egyptian guides will
tell you fascinating historical stories related to their culture and religion, which will also greatly enrich and enliven your Egypt travel package.
Egypt people will surely help you to have the most fantastic time of your life. With your stay in Egypt, you'll enjoy the best you can. With Around Egypt Tours, you will explore the beauty of the Egyptians with the help of locals.

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The dam was conceived as an ambitious, multi-purpose project aimed at improving irrigation and water resource control and development, increasing cultivation, providing protection against high floods and severe drought, and facilitating navigation, fishery expansion and electric power generation, while minimizing harmful effects on the environment and the country's rich cultural heritage.

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