Ancient Egypt

The Ancient Egyptian civilization, famous for its pyramids, pharaohs, mummies, and monuments, grew for centuries. But what was its lasting influence? Find out how Ancient Egypt committed to society with its many cultural constructions, particularly in language and arithmetic.

The Egyptian Calendar is the ancient Calendar known to humankind:

Today marks the Egyptian year 6262, the start of the primary Egyptian and international Calendar in human history.
The ancient Egyptians developed the Calendar to divide the year into 12 months and 05 days. It depends on the solar cycle. The Egyptian Calendar is one of the primary calendars known to humanity.

The ancient Egyptians then discovered the year and divided it into seasons, months, days, and hours. one of their astronomical miracle at the time, that they were able to distinguish between a straightforward year and a leap one.       

Both The Coptic calendar or the "Martyrs' Calendar," relies mainly on the ancient Egyptian Calendar. It was called the solar Calendar, which is an arithmetic system that the ancient Egyptians established for the division of the year. The year they created consists of 12 months.

The Calendar was calculated based on the solar cycle and is one of the primary calendars known to humanity and therefore the most accurate in terms of climate conditions and agriculture during the year, where the Egyptian farmer had relied on it to understand the seasons of agriculture and crop yielding for thousands of years.

The Egyptian Calendar contributed to the event of various calendars of ancient civilizations, whether or not they were solar or lunar. Although thousands of years have passed since the start of the old Egyptian Calendar, which relied on the Nile to arrive at determining the beginning of the year, it's also this Calendar that regulates agriculture in Egypt in modern times. Despite the series of changes that have affected it later, it's the foremost accurate Calendar to this point due to the weather, similarly because of the different seasons of agriculture.

According to the Egyptian researcher Joseph MamdouhTawfik, the ancient Egyptian Calendar is very accurate and was a miracle of its time. However, it's not exactly in line with this solar Calendar used around the world

The Ancient Egyptian civil Calendar followed the cycle of the Nile's yearly flooding that occurred on the 11th day of September of the Julian calendar. From this day, defined as the first of the year, the agricultural activities were divided into three seasons of four months:


The Egyptian calendar was broken down as follows:

•    One week was ten days.
•    Three weeks was one month.
•    Four months was one season.
•   Three seasons and five holy days was one year.

First season      Flood………  ⇒  AKHET season   Its months were Tekh, Menhet, Hwt-Hrw, and Ka-Hr-Ka
Second season Sowing………⇒ Proyet season     Its months were Sf-Bdt, Redh Wer, Redh Neds, and Renwet.    
Third season     Harvest……...⇒ SHOMU season   Its months were Hnsw, Hnt-Htj, Ipt-Hmt, and Wep-Renpet  

The ancient Egyptians used a calendar with 12 months of 30 days each, for a total of 360 days per year. About 4241 B.C., they added five extra days at the end of every year to bring it more into line with the solar year. These five days became a festival because it was thought to be unlucky to work during that time.

In addition to the civic Calendar, the Egyptians also had a religious calendar based on the 29 1/2-day lunar cycles which was more closely linked with agricultural cycles and the stars' movements.

The correct figures are lunation: 29 d, 12 h, 44 min, 2.8 sec (29.530585 d); solar year: 365 d, 5 h, 48 min, 46 sec (365.242216 d)

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With its unique ancient history, historical artifacts, cultural adventures, and countless activities, Egypt is the place you can sense the old, the new, and everything in between. To experience everything Egypt has to offer, you can browse our Egypt travel packages and Nile cruises and seize the chance to witness all the beauty of the ancient Egyptian treasures.

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5 Egyptian Monuments That aren't Pyramids And Almost nobody Knows

Egypt is renowned for holding one of the oldest civilizations within the world. The country is filled with story borders. However, once we speak about monuments that were made by these civilizations, the sole answer we hear is that the "pyramids."
The primary purpose of the pyramids was to protect the body of the mummified Pharaoh and his private estates, like jewelry, own utensils, and other material goods. But have you ever expected that there would be more monuments in Egypt than the pyramids?
With that in mind, we've listed for you a number of the buildings that are important in Egypt, but almost nobody knows:

1 – Malkata Palace

Amenhotep III ruled Egypt for nearly 40 years, and before his rule, Egypt had never witnessed such prosperity and riches. He was considered a king god in his Malkata palace.
The palace was huge, housing Amenhotep's entire family, servants, guests, and an enormous of princesses, each with their servants.

2– City of Tanis

The city of Tanis was one of the closest ports to the Asian coast and was considered one in every of the wealthiest cities within the region. It absolutely was a famous commercial and strategic city until it was threatened by flooding from Lake Manzala until it was finally abandoned. After a protracted time, it became referred to as the "Lost City of Tanis."

3 – Seti I time

Located in Abydos, one in each of the places that are considered very sacred in ancient Egypt. Abydos was initially dedicated to the god Wepwawet, whose goal was to open the way for the dead to enter the afterlife.
One of the few remaining temples inside Abydos was the Arrow I Temple, which has an "L" shape. The temple had commemoration halls and enormous rooms where workers raised the roof by placing many columns throughout the structure.

4 – Babylon Fortress

Initially built by the Romans, the building has been linked to Babylonian followers, and even prisoners brought from Babylon by Pharaoh Sesostris within the 19th century BC.
The fortress was considered a refuge for Christians, especially people who suffered some persecution. Within the fort itself, there are several built churches, including the "Suspended," one in every of Egypt's most famous "Coptic" churches.


5 – Meritamun Statue

Unlike most of Egypt's historical cities, Akhmim is still active today and is opposite the ancient Egyptian city of Ipu. As archaeologists excavated the site, they eventually discovered fragments of a statue of Ramses II and an intact 11-meter-tall statue of Meritamun, daughter of Ramses II.

Stroll the sites of the pharaohs of Egypt and find out the ancient tombs while visiting the Valley of the Kings through one amongst our Egypt travel packages.

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