Cairo Historical Sites

Cairo is one of the world's great megacities, beautiful as it is also crazy and rich in historic finery. Cairo tends to be a city that travelers love. You will find a history that spans centuries. Full of vigor, Cairo is where you get a feel for Egyptian street life. No trip to Egypt is complete without a stay in the city Arabs call Umm al-Dunya (The Mother of the World). Learn more about the best Cairo attractions to visit and exciting things to do in this buzzing metropolis with our Cairo Historical Sites list.

Giza Pyramids

Giza Pyramids are considered one of the wonders of the world. But why Egypt pyramids were built? And How pyramids were built? In this article, we will briefly explain some points related to these questions.

What are The Egypt Pyramids?

The Egyptian pyramids are ancient pyramid-shaped masonry structures located in Egypt. You may ask yourself why these pyramids were built. In this article, we will indicate this point. The number of pyramids in Egypt, according to some resources, is 118 or 138.

Why Pharaohs built Pyramids

The pyramids were built during the period of Old Kingdom as tombs for the pharaohs and their queens. They constructed them to prepare for the next life as they believed they would become gods in the afterlife. There are about 80 ancient Egyptian pyramids still standing, but the three biggest and most well-preserved - called Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, and - are located in Giza. They are calculated to consist of six million tons of stone.The pyramids were built to last; they were constructed around 4,500 years ago and remain standing today.

Most of the Egypt Pyramids were built as tombs for the country's pharaohs and consorts during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods. One other suggested reason is that they were designed it as a type of "resurrection machine"; the pyramid may have been designed to serve as a means to launch the deceased pharaoh's soul directly into the abode of the gods. The pyramids also were built to protect the body of the deceased pharaoh. These massive tombs were constructed to resist the time elements and were intended to last forever.

Some Aspects of Pyramids

The shape of a pyramid is thought to represent the descending rays of the sun. Most pyramids were faced with polished and highly reflective white limestone, to give them a brilliant appearance when viewed from a distance. The pharaoh also believed that his death was an extension of a journey towards eternal life. Therefore, it was important that the pharaoh’s physical body was safeguarded and recognizable by his spirit; this, in turn, led to mummification. Once the process was complete, the pharaoh was buried with his most precious possessions, such as jewelry, funerary statues, and items that would help him in his afterlife. There are many pyramids in Egypt, yet we only see the pyramids of Giza being shown in magazines and books. Some other common pyramids that are never shown, such as the Stepped Pyramid of Djoser, the Maidum Pyramid, the Bent Pyramid, and the Red Pyramid.

How Giza Pyramids were built?

The Great Pyramid of Giza is considered one of the wonders of the world. But how did it and other pyramids in Egypt come to be?
They are as fascinating as they are mysterious. Throughout the years, scientists and archeologists have steadily uncovered secrets. Still, there is always more to be discovered.
Archaeologists have discovered in part how the pyramids were built. They were constructed between 2550 to 2490 B.C. out of limestone and granite. They have long known that the granite came from Aswan- a town 553 miles south of Giza and that the limestone came from Tura, which was located about 12 miles south of Cairo on the Nile.
However, they could not understand how a society with a zero technology, and no use of the wheel could move the 2-ton blocks of limestone and granite from so far away to the site of the pyramids.

The Latest Discovery of Ceremonial Boat

In 2017, the discovery of a ceremonial boat, an ancient papyrus scroll, and a network of waterways, shed light on this previously dark area. The discovery of a ceremonial boat led the team of archeologists to believe that these boats were loaded with the materials used to build the pyramids, then floated down the river, ending up right at the site of pyramids. They discovered that thousands of trained workers likely navigated these boats through the canals along the Nile to transport a large amount of limestone.


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The Era of building pyramids

The pyramid’s large volume reflects the unique role that the pharaoh, or king, played in ancient Egyptian society. The pyramids were built from the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the close of the Ptolemaic period in the fourth century A.D. The pyramids’ smooth, angled sides symbolized the sun’s rays as it was designed to help the king’s soul ascend to heaven and join the gods, particularly the sun god Ra.

How many pyramids in Egypt?

Pyramids are some of the most beautiful human-made structures in history. The Egyptian Pyramids were built during the pharaohs' civilization. The most famous pyramids are the Great pyramids of Giza, but there are many others in Egypt.

As of November 2008, according to Wikipedia, sources cite either 118 or 138 are the number of identified Egyptian pyramids. Other sources cite they are about eighty pyramids. Most of them were
built to be tombs for the country’s pharaohs and their consorts during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods. The pharaohs were buried in the pyramids with different shapes and sizes from the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the end of the Middle Kingdom. The Egyptian pyramids still preserve much of their magnificence, providing a glimpse into the country’s rich and glorious past.

The Main Pyramids

Some of the main pyramids in Egypt are the Step Pyramid, the Pyramid of Meidum, The Bent Pyramid, The Red Pyramid, Khufu’s Pyramid, Khafre’s Pyramid, Menkaure’s Pyramid, Buried Pyramid, Pyramid of Lahun, Pyramid of Userkaf, Pyramid of Hawara, Pyramid of Teti and Pyramid of Unas.

The Oldest Pyramids

The Step Pyramid is the oldest known pyramid in Egypt was built around 2630 B.C. at Saqqara, for the third dynasty’s King Djoser. It began as a traditional mastaba but grew into something much more ambitious. There are four forms of pyramids in Egypt: mastaba pyramid, stepped pyramid, bent pyramid, and true pyramid.

Giza pyramids

The great pyramids of Giza are three in number. Most of them were built as tombs for the country's pharaohs. They were built over the span of three generations by the rulers Menkaure, Khafre, and Khufu. Pyramids are included in 7 wonders of the world. Pyramids of Giza held the title for the world's tallest Human-made structure over 3871 years.

Starting with:

1- Khufu pyramid

It is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was built during the rule of Khufu Pharaoh. It has been constructed over 20 years. And it has the following characteristics:Height: 146.5 m(481 ft).The Great Pyramid was the tallest human-made structure in the world for more than 3,800 years.
In AD 1301, a massive earthquake loosened many of the outer casing stones of the pyramid. Khufu was the second pharaoh of the 4th dynasty. From: 2589 to 2566 BC, He is not a good warrior nor a politician, but history Knows him due to his great pyramid. The Greeks believed that slave labor was used. Verner supposed that the labor consisted of two gangs
of 100,000 men. The Great Pyramid was surfaced by white “casing stones. “

2-Khafren pyramid

The middle pyramid at Giza was built for Khufu’s son (Khafre) (2558-2532 B.C). A unique feature built inside Khafre’s pyramid complex was the Great Sphinx, a guardian statue carved in limestone with the head of a man and the body of a lion. It was the largest statue in the ancient world, measuring 240 feet long and 66 feet high. In the 18th dynasty (c. 1500 B.C.), the Great Sphinx was being worshiped itself, as the image of a local form of the god Horus. It has the following Characteristics:
The pyramid has a base length of 215.5 m (706 Ft) A height of 136.4 meters (448 ft.) Only approximately 10 feet shorter than the Great Pyramid.
The pyramid is made of limestone blocks weighing more than 2 tons each.
The bottom course of the cladding is pink granite, but higher sections are clad in limestone. It has a slope angle of 53?.10.

3- Menkaure pyramid

The southernmost pyramid at Giza was built for Khafre’s son Menkaure (2532-2503 B.C.). It is the shortest of the three pyramids (218 feet) and is a precursor of the smaller pyramids that would be constructed during the fifth and sixth dynasties.

Pyramids Today:

The Great Pyramids no longer reach their original heights; Khufu’s, for example, measures only 451 feet high. Nonetheless, millions of people continue to visit the pyramids each year, drawn by their towering grandeur and the enduring allure of Egypt’s rich and glorious past.


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Centrally located in the core of Tahrir Square in Cairo, the Egyptian Museum is tough to miss on any Cairo tour. The opening was in 1902, and it had been purpose-built to accommodate the antiquities of Ancient Egypt. Inside the Museum is the most fabulous collection of Ancient Egyptian archeological history.

Egyptian Museum's location is Tahrir Square at Downtown, Cairo.  Cairo is usually called "the city that never sleeps" of Egypt, especially for Downtown. It's not only the center of Cairo, but also the middle for each life activity and facility, and the hub for various experiences.

Contents & Items inside the Museum

The Egyptian Museum in Cairo collecting over 120,000 artifacts, including Tutankhamen's tomb and most of the mummies, discovered since the 19th century. The Museum's exhibits span from the start of the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt (approximately 2700 BC) to the Greco-Roman period. The building consists of two floors. On the ground floor, you'll be able to follow the history of Egypt from the Old Kingdom up through the Greco-Roman period by turning left at the doorway and looping around the Museum. This provides a decent background for many of Egypt's ancient history.

Upstairs the Museum is organized thematically with an outsized portion of visitors from all over the world enjoying watching the exhibit of the contents of Tutankhamun's tomb, including his famous funerary mask. Also upstairs is that the room dedicated to the attractive jewelry discovered within the Royal Tombs of Tanis. Another fantastic place to visit in the Museum during your Egypt vacation, the Royal Mummy Room, requires the acquisition of a separate ticket. Inside you'll be able to see the mummies of many Egypt's most famous pharaohs kings and queens, including Ramses II, Seti I, and Egypt's only queen, Hatshepsut.

The Egyptian Museum also referred to as the Museum of ancient Egyptian civilization, houses a number of the world's most important collections of ancient artifacts. Inside the walls of that high and old pinkish building located in Downtown Maidan Al-Tahrir, the priceless treasures of King Tutankhamun and a few other ancient Egyptian greatest pharaohs, together with the belongings, mummies, jewelry, and food bowls of Ancient Egyptians that were buried with the kings to use within the afterlife as believed by the ancient Egyptians.

More than 100,000 ancient Objects

The Egyptian Museum in Cairo houses an excellent and large collection of artifacts, mummies, coffins, stones, ancient belongings, and even food types that wont to be buried with the kings before death to use within the afterlife. As a part of the traditional Egyptian beliefs and religion, ancient Egyptians used to bury the dead with all their belongings as they believed that they’re going to use their clothes and food once they pass to the After Life.
As a remarkable fact, Kings were buried with their material belongings and their “servants.”  The Museum’s collection is overgrowing yearly as archaeologists make discoveries over time. For example, Tutankhamun’s enormous tomb and, therefore, the impressive discoveries that were made inside it, and consequently, the tomb belongings of Tanis were discovered after the Museum opened. Now the Museum has over 100,000 ancient objects inside its walls. Some objects were moved to the new Grand Egyptian Museum, while most of them are still within the main Museum in Tahrir. The Museum in Tahrir will remain as the first spot for the traditional Egyptian heritage, even after the opening of the Grand Museum.

With its unique ancient history, historical artifacts, cultural adventures, and countless activities, Egypt is the place you can sense the old, the new, and everything in between. To experience everything Egypt has to offer, you can browse our Egypt travel packages and Nile cruises and seize the chance to witness all the beauty of the ancient Egyptian treasures.

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